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These are the latest figures from Adoptions Australia 2012–13.

Adoption is one of a range of options used to provide care for children who cannot live with their birth families. It is the process whereby the legal relationship between a child and their biological parents is severed, and the legal rights of the child are as if he/ she had been born to the adoptive parents.

Adoptions in Australia, 2012–13

adoptions flowchart showing split across intercountry, local and 'known' adoptions- all adoptions 339 - intercountry adoptions 129 (38%); Hague adoption 61; non-Hague adoption 68 - Australian adoptions 210 (62%) - local adoptions 54 (16%); 'known' child adoptions 156 (46%) - Domestic 156; overseas (not in scope) - step-parent 70; relative 2; carer 81; other 3.  

Adoption rates infographic

77% decline

in adoptions in Australia in the last 25 years.

Intercountry adoptions infographic

2 in 5

adoptions were intercountry (from overseas).

Under 5s adoptions infographic

1 in 2

adopted children were under 5 years of age.

Adoptions from Asia infographic


of adopted children who came from overseas were from Asia.

Wait time infographic

5 years

was the typical wait time for families who adopted a child from overseas in 2012–13.

This has increased by 2 years since 2007–08.

Birth mothers infographic

3 in 5

Australian birth mothers were aged under 25.

All adoptive parents were aged over 30.

Infographic showing 87% of Australian adoptions were ‘open’.


of Australian adoptions were ‘open’ (that is, all parties agreed to some contact).

Known adopters infographic


of ‘known’ adoptions were by non-relative carers (such as foster carers), and


of 'known' adoptions were by step-parents.