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Access to health services by Australians with disability 2012

In 2012, 17% of people with disability who needed to see a GP delayed or did not go because of the cost; 20% who needed to see a medical specialist did not go mainly due to the cost; and 67% who needed to see a dentist delayed seeing or did not go because of the cost. Compared with people with disability living in Major cities, people with disability living in Outer regional and Remote areas had lower use rates of services provided by GPs, medical specialists and dentists as well as coordinated care provided by different types of health professionals. They were more likely to visit a hospital emergency department for health issues that could potentially be dealt with by non-hospital services, and to face barriers to accessing health services.

Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012

Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.

Incontinence in Australia: prevalence, experience and cost

This bulletin reports on the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It also presents information on prevalence rates and how much was spent on incontinence (excluding residential aged care costs) in 2008-09. There were an estimated 316,500 people suffering from severe incontinence in 2009, most of whom were female (66%). As well, 73% of primary carers who assisted in managing another person's incontinence spent at least 40 hours each week caring or supervising.

Palliative care services in Australia 2012

Palliative care services in Australia is the first in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Details from a range of data sources for 2009-10, and where available 2010-11, are presented, as are changes over time. There were almost 56,000 palliative care separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2009-10. Almost $3 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2010-11.

Dementia in Australia

In 2011, there were an estimated 298,000 people with dementia. This number is expected to increase markedly over time, with projections suggesting it will reach around 400,000 by 2020 and 900,000 by 2050. Dementia is a leading cause of death, accounting for 6% of all deaths in 2010.  Total direct health and aged care services expenditure on people with dementia was at least $4.9 billion in 2009-10.

Younger people with disability in residential aged care: 2010-11

This bulletin presents data on the Younger People with Disability in Residential Aged Care (YPIRAC) initiative, which aims to reduce the number of people with disability aged under 65 who live in residential aged care. Between 2005-06 and 2010-11, an estimated 1,432 people have been helped, including 250 who have been moved out of residential aged care and into accommodation that better suits their situation, 244 who were successfully diverted away from entering residential aged care, and 456 who were provided with enhanced services while in residential aged care.

A snapshot of osteoporosis in Australia 2011

This snapshot brings together the latest data on osteoporosis in Australia. The purpose of the snapshot is to provide the latest statistical information in a timely and efficient manner.

Carers National Data Repository scoping study: final report

The Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) commissioned AIHW to undertake this study to investigate and document the scope, feasibility and utility of setting up a Carers National Data Repository (CNDR). The CNDR is conceived as a way of improving the evidence available about carers using existing data which would mitigate issues arising from scattered evidence by bringing data together, standardising metadata and analysing data in more integrated ways (including through the use of data linkage) to inform important policy and research issues.

Younger People with Disability In Residential Aged Care Program: final report on the 2007-08 Minimum Data Set

This report includes information from the 2007-08 Younger People With Disability in Residential Aged Care Minimum Data Set (YPIRAC MDS). It summarises the characteristics of people who were 'on the books' during 2007-08 and the YPIRAC services they received. Included in 'on the books' are people who accepted YPIRAC services in 2006-07 and continued to receive services (including monitoring only) in 2007-08, along with new starters in 2007-08.

A picture of osteoporosis in Australia

Osteoporosis is a silent condition that occurs in both men and women. The bones become fragile and brittle, and bone strength is greatly reduced, so that fractures can occur after only minimal trauma. Fractures occur most commonly in the hip, spine and wrist, and can lead to long-lasting pain and disability that affects quality of life and independence. The good news is that osteoporosis is largely preventable. This booklet is aimed at anyone with an interest in osteoporosis. It includes information on the causes, management and prevention of the disease, and brings together the latest data about its impact in Australia.

Carers in Australia: assisting frail older people and people with a disability

This report on informal care is a joint initiative of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Its genesis was an AIHW analysis of the likely future impact of certain social trends including, but not limited to, a reduced willingness of women to substitute unpaid caring work for paid employment.Building on this earlier work, the present report uses the results of the 1998 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers to present a picture of informal care in Contemporary Australia - who are the primary carers, who do they assist, and what does caring involve? It explores the impact of caring work and patterns of informal service use with informal care.

Disability and ageing Australian population patterns and implications

Australia's population is ageing and there is growing interest in the implications of this trend. Rates of disability in Australia are increasing, due in large part to the ageing population, and survival into old age is now a reality for many people who have a lifelong disability. These patterns are creating challenges for the disability and aged care services systems. This report brings together information on trends in population ageing, disability prevalence, informal care, patterns of service use and need for assistance. The report will be an essential information source for service planners and policy makers.

Ageing and disability project report: stage 1 literature review

This literature review presents the first results of a three-stage study on ageing and disability and the implications of disability support services. Current until 29 September 2000.

Hostels in Australia 1995-96: a statistical overview

A companion volume to Nursing Homes in Australia 1995-96, this report presents data for Australian hostels and their residents for 1995-96. It focuses on the characteristics of hostel residents (including age, sex, marital status and dependency levels) and the patterns of service use (including length of stay, admissions and separations).

The respite care needs of Australians

This report assembles a comprehensive array of national data concerning the use of and need for respite care services among those caring for the frail aged and people with disabilities in the community. It provides a portrait of respite care users and discusses the extent of unmet need for respite care.