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Australia's health 2010 supplementary tables

Generic name Use Number of prescriptions Defined daily dose/1,000 population/day
2003–04 amount ('000) 2003–04 % PBS/ RPBS 2007–08 amount ('000) 2007–08 % PBS/ RPBS % Change 2003–04 to 2007–08 2003–04 amount ('000) 2003–04 % PBS/ RPBS 2007–08 amount ('000) 2007–08 % PBS/ RPBS % Change 2003–04 to 2007–08
Atorvastatin (b)   Lowers blood cholesterol 7,110 99.8 10,585 99.7 48.9 37.8 99.7 65.8 99.7 74.1
Amoxycillin Antibiotic 4,718 51.8 6,553 39.0 38.9 5.0 54.0 6.8 39.7 36.0
Simvastatin (b)   Lowers blood cholesterol 6,016 99.9 5,892 98.1 2.1 24.3 100.0 25.8 99.6 6.2
Esomeprazole Lowers stomach acid (c)   (c)   5,244 99.7 . . (c)   (c)   19.1 99.5 . .
Perindopril Lowers blood pressure (c)   (c)   5,123 75.0 . . (c)   (c)   29.6 76.0 . .
Cefalexin Antibiotic 3,238 60.5 4,462 52.2 37.8 2.0 60.0 2.7 51.9 35.0
Irbesartan Lowers blood pressure 3,454 97.6 4,337 71.2 25.6 19.1 99.0 23.6 70.8 23.6
Atenolol Lowers blood pressure 3,968 79.0 4,279 75.9 7.8 11.8 78.8 12.3 75.6 4.2
Codeine + paracetamol Pain-killer 3,863 69.9 4,053 61.6 4.9 (d)   (d)   (d)   (d) . .
Metformin hydrochloride Lowers blood glucose 3,145 82.9 4,006 74.0 27.4 12.1 81.8 15.9 73.6 31.4
Amoxycillin + Clavulanic acid Antibiotic (c)   (c)   3,940 42.1 . . (c)   (c)   4.1 41.5 . .
Paracetamol Pain-killer 4,814 98.0 3,844 95.6 20.1 10.6 98.1 16.9 95.9 59.4
Omeprazole Lowers stomach acid 4,550 99.7 3,761 98.6 17.3 20.8 99.5 16.5 98.8 20.7
Ramipril Lowers blood pressure 3,063 93.7 3,707 72.2 21.0 31.2 96.8 40.2 70.6 28.8
Salbutamol Opens airways 4,368 73.7 3,666 76.7 16.1 26.9 71.0 21.5 75.3 20.1
  1. Medications included here are those for which a prescription is written and supplied in community pharmacies. Hospital pharmaceuticals and over-the-counter medications supplied without prescription are not included.
  2. In 2009, the WHO revised the value of a defined daily dose for these drugs; therefore the amounts reported here differ from amounts published previously (WHO 2009).
  3. These medications were not in the top 15 in 2003–04.
  4. There is no defined daily dose reported for Codeine + paracetamol because of the different dose combinations available.

PBS = Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme; RPBS = Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.

Sources

Drug Utilisation Sub-Committee (DUSC) database (DoHA unpublished data).

World Health Organization (WHO) 2009. The anatomical, therapeutic, chemical classification system with defined daily doses (ATC/DDD). Viewed 11 January 2010 ,
<www.whocc.no/atcddd/>.