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The AIHW Cancer and Screening Unit monitors and reports on cancer and cancer screening using the Australian Cancer Database as the main data source. Our information helps health professionals, policy makers and consumers better understand cancer trends and patterns, including:
120,710 new cases of cancer are estimated to have been diagnosed in Australia in 2012 (excluding basal and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin). Of these, 56% are males.
The risk of being diagnosed with cancer before the age of:
In 2012, the cancers estimated to be most commonly diagnosed are:
Note: 2012 estimates are based on 2000-2009 incidence data. The estimates are rounded to the nearest 10.
Source: AIHW Australian Cancer Database 2009.
In 2012, the likelihood of being diagnosed with cancer increased as a person got older.
Some differences between males and females are expected. The incidence rate for all cancers combined is expected to be:
Between 1991 and 2009:
A total of 42,844 people died from cancer in 2010 (24,328 males and 18,516 females) - an average of 117 people per day.
Cancer was the second most common cause of death in 2010 (about 3 of every 10 deaths).
The risk of dying from cancer before the age of:
In 2010, the most common causes of cancer death were:
Note: Mortality data for 2010 are preliminary and are subject to further revision.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database.
Between 1991 and 2010:
In 2006-2010, 5-year relative survival was 66% for all cancers combined.
Females had slightly higher 5-year relative survival than males, at 67% compared with 65% for males.
Between 1982-1987 and 2006-2010:
Source: AIHW Australian Cancer Database 2007.
AIHW & AACR 2012. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2012. Cancer series no. 74. Cat. no. CAN 70. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2012. Cancer in Australia: in brief 2012. Cancer series no. 73. Cat. no. CAN 69. Canberra: AIHW.