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Risk

bar chart shows risk (%) from cancer for males: all cancers 52.8, prostate 18.7, colorectal 9.0, melanoma 7.5, lung 7.6.

In 2013, the risk for Australian males of being diagnosed with cancer before their 85th birthday was 1 in 2. The most common diagnoses were prostate (1 in 5 males), colorectal (1 in 11), melanoma of the skin (1 in 13), and lung (1 in 13).


bar chart shows risk (%) from cancer for females: all cancers 39.7, breast 12.7, colorectal 6.4, melanoma 4.4, lung 4.6.

In 2013, the risk for Australian females of being diagnosed with cancer before their 85th birthday was 1 in 3. The most common diagnoses were breast (1 in 8 females), colorectal (1 in 16), melanoma of the skin (1 in 23), and lung (1 in 22).


Deaths

icon shows 3 in 10

In 2017, it is estimated that cancer accounted for about 3 of every 10 deaths (31%) registered in Australia.


Survival rates

Bar chart shows 68% for males and 69% for females

In 2009–2013, for people newly diagnosed with cancer, their chance of surviving 5 years was 68% for males and 69% for females. However, note that survival rates vary greatly by cancer type.


Prevalence (number of cases)

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At the end of 2012, there were 410,530 people (228,161 males and 182,369 females) diagnosed with cancer in the previous 5 years who were still alive. The 31-year prevalence was nearly one million.


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