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Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second national report 2016

This is the second national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available to report on 11 measures. For some of the measures, a better or similar rate for Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous Australians was apparent, while on other measures, higher rates of ill health and death from cardiac conditions and lower rates of in-hospital treatment services among Indigenous Australians were evident. A number of measures suggested improvements for Indigenous Australians over time; examples include a decline in the death rate due to cardiac conditions and an increase in the proportion who received an MBS health assessment.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD).This report on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people presents up-to-date statistics on risk factors, prevalence, hospitalisation and deaths from these 3 chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations by geographical location and compares these with the non-Indigenous population.

Cardiovascular disease fact sheet: prevalence of heart failure in Western Australia

This fact sheet presents the prevalence of heart failure due to coronary heart disease (referred to as CHD-related heart failure) in Western Australia in 2010—that is, the number of people who had at least 1 hospital admission for CHD-related heart failure in the previous 10 years and were still alive on 30 June 2010.

Cardiovascular disease fact sheet: prevalence of coronary heart disease in Western Australia

This fact sheet presents the prevalence of CHD in Western Australia in 2010—that is, the number of people who had at least 1 hospital admission for CHD in the previous 10 years and were still alive on 30 June 2010.

Cardiovascular disease fact sheet: prevalence of stroke in Western Australia

This fact sheet presents the prevalence of stroke in Western Australia in 2010—that is, the number of people who had at least 1 hospital admission for stroke in the previous 10 years and were still alive on 30 June 2010.

Cardiovascular disease fact sheet: prevalence of valvular heart disease in Western Australia

This fact sheet presents the prevalence of 2 forms of valvular heart disease: rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and non-rheumatic valvular disease (non-RVD) in Western Australia in 2010—that is, the number of people who had at least 1 hospital admission for valvular heart disease in the previous 10 years and were still alive on 30 June 2010.

Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: first national report 2015

This is the first national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It shows that: the age-standardised death rate due to cardiac conditions for Indigenous people was 1.6 times that for non-Indigenous people; mortality from cardiac conditions for Indigenous Australians decreased by 41% between 1998 and 2012, while access to cardiac care has improved over time.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts: risk factors

This report is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). This report on risk factors presents the latest statistics on the behaviours and characteristics that increase the likelihood of a person developing these chronic diseases. It also describes risk factors among people who already have CVD, diabetes or CKD. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations across population groups, including by geographical location and socioeconomic disadvantage.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: morbidity—hospital care

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describes the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease.This report on Morbidity presents up-to-date statistics as well as trends on hospitalisations from these chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics, and variations across population groups, including among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: prevalence and incidence

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease.This report on prevalence and incidence provides a comprehensive summary of the latest available data on the prevalence and incidence in the Australian population of these three chronic vascular diseases, acting alone or together. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations across population groups, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts mortality

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease. This report on Mortality presents up-to-date statistics as well as trends on deaths from these chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics, and variations across population groups, including among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

Acute coronary syndrome: validation of the method used to monitor incidence in Australia

Monitoring the incidence of acute coronary events is critical to assess the health and economic burden of coronary heart disease. This working paper uses linked data from Western Australia and New South Wales to assess the central assumptions underlying the proxy measure for estimating the incidence of acute coronary events, in the absence of a heart disease register.  This validation study shows that the algorithm may underestimate the incidence of acute coronary events in Australia, but despite this the methodology does provide a reasonable measure of the acute coronary events in Australia.

Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups and populations

Coronary heart disease is Australia’s leading cause of death, and although death rates have fallen substantially over recent decades, declines among some age groups appear to have slowed.Trends in coronary heart disease mortality: age groups and populations examines how the decline has varied between young adults, middle-aged and older persons, and among different population groups, including by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, geographic location and socioeconomic status.

Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2008-09

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) makes a considerable impact on the health of Australians and has the highest level of health-care expenditure of any disease group.Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to CVD increased by 48% from $5,207 million to $7,717 million.The health-care sector with the largest increase (55%) was hospital admitted patients.

Stroke and its management in Australia: an update

This report presents a comprehensive picture about, and the latest data on, stroke and how it is managed in Australia. It examines the impact of stroke on patients, their carers, the health system and aged care services. In particular for stroke patients, the report includes information on incidence, prevalence, hospitalisation, disability, treatment and deaths. The report also examines trends and inequalities in stroke and it's management in Australia; and makes international comparisons; and identifies data gaps.

Rheumatic heart disease and acute rheumatic fever in Australia: 1996-2012

This report examines and presents a range of data on acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in Australia. It shows that ARF now occurs almost exclusively in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and that the prevalence of RHD is much higher among Indigenous people than other Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are also considerably more likely to be hospitalised with ARF or RHD, and to die from RHD.

Risk factor trends: age patterns in key health risk factors over time

This report presents comparisons over time for different age groups for key health risk factors, including overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. The good news is that smoking rates have declined, particularly among younger people. However, overweight/obesity rates have increased for virtually all age groups, especially females aged 12 to 44.

Monitoring acute coronary syndrome using national hospital data: an information paper on trends and issues

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) refers to the spectrum of acute coronary artery diseases spanning acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and unstable angina (UA). They are sudden, severe and life-threatening events.This report reviews the current algorithm for monitoring the incidence of ACS in Australia, presenting a detailed analysis of hospitalisations for AMI and UA.  It also presents a range of alternative algorithms for the estimation of ACS incidence. Further work is required to validate these algorithms.

Cardiovascular disease: Australian facts 2011

 Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a very common and serious disease in Australia with about 3.5 million people reporting having the condition in 2007-08. Despite significant advances in the treatment of CVD and for some of its risk factors,  it remains the cause of more deaths than any other disease - about 50,000 in 2008 - and the most expensive, costing about $5.2 billion in 2004-05.  And not all sectors of Australian society are affected equally by CVD with people in lower socioeconomic groups, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and those living in the remote areas of Australia often more likely to be hospitalised with, or to die from CVD than other members of the population.

Women and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report focuses on its impact on the health of Australian women - a group who may not be aware of how significant a threat this disease is to them. The report presents the latest data on prevalence, deaths, disability, hospitalisations, services, treatments, risk factors and expenditure, as well as comparisons to other important diseases among women. This report is a useful resource for policy makers, researchers, health professionals and anyone interested in cardiovascular disease in Australian women.

Women and heart disease: summary

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report provides a summary of cardiovascular disease and its impact on the health of Australian women. Women and heart disease: summary presents the key findings of its companion report, Women and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia and looks at prevalence, deaths, disability, hospitalisations, medical services, treatments, risk factors and health care expenditure, as well as comparisons with other important diseases among women.

Cardiovascular disease mortality: trends at different ages

Despite a dramatic reduction since the late 1960s, cardiovascular disease remains the largest cause of death in Australia. Cardiovascular disease mortality: trends at different ages examines recent data to determine if the observed decrease in cardiovascular disease deaths since the 1960s is shared across disease sub-types and among different population groups. This report includes information on the past and recent trends of key cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke, and describes how trends vary on the basis of age group and sex. International trends are also presented for comparison. The analyses presented in this report help to better understand what is driving the observed decrease in cardiovascular disease deaths, and are a useful resource for policy makers, researchers and health professionals interested in cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular medicines and primary health care: a regional analysis

Cardiovascular medicines and primary health care: a regional analysis shows how the supply of cardiovascular medicines and primary health-care services differs across regions in Australia. This report examines the complex relationship between cardiovascular diseases, remoteness and the supply of cardiovascular medicines and primary health-care services. It will be of interest to policy makers, providers of health services, researchers in the field of cardiovascular disease, and members of the broader community.

Prevention of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: targeting risk factors

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) account for around a quarter of the burden of disease in Australia, and just under two-thirds of all deaths. These three diseases often occur together and share risk factors, such as physical inactivity, overweight and obesity, and high blood pressure. This report includes information on the national prevalence of the main risk factors for CVD, CKD and diabetes as well as population initiatives and individual services that aim to prevent or control these risk factors. It shows the prevalence of some risk factors is increasing-notably obesity, which rose from 11% of adults in 1995 to 24% in 2007-08. This is the first report to present a systematic approach to monitor prevention in Australia, providing a baseline for future monitoring.

Impact of falling cardiovascular disease death rates: deaths delayed and years of life extended

Death rates from CVD and CHD have declined dramatically in Australia since their peak in the mid 1960s. This report quantifies the number of lives saved since the peak and looks briefly at the age and sex population groups where the impact was likely to have been highest.

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