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A new approach to national child protection data: implementation of the Child Protection National Minimum Data Set

Over the past few years, the AIHW, with dedicated national resources made available through the Australian Government, has worked with all jurisdictions to implement a new Child Protection National Minimum Data Set (CP NMDS) for reporting on child protection. This working paper describes the development and implementation of the CP NMDS and highlights key new analyses able to be reported for the first time at the national level. It also outlines the need for ongoing development work.

Child protection Australia 2012-13

Child protection Australia 2012–13 represents a significant milestone in national child protection reporting as it is the first time that unit record level data have been available for analysis and reporting. This report shows that:- there were 135,000 children, a rate of 26.1 per 1,000 children, receiving child protection services (investigation; care and protection order; and/or placed in out-of-home care).- more than half (56%) of these children were subject only to an investigation (that is, they were not subsequently placed on an order or in out-of-home care) while 8% were involved in all three components of the system.- in 2012–13, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 8 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.

Indigenous child safety

Indigenous children are over represented in areas where child safety and security are compromised. This report shows that Indigenous children aged 0–17 have higher rates of hospitalisations and deaths due to injury than non Indigenous children; are more likely to be victims of child abuse, neglect and sexual assault; and are over represented in homelessness and youth justice statistics.

Development of an ongoing national data collection on the educational outcomes of children in child protection services: a working paper

Improving the educational outcomes of children involved in statutory child protection services has been a high priority for Australian governments in recent years. This working paper provides an overview of a proposed national linked dataset on the educational activity and outcomes of children while in child protection services, to allow ongoing and longitudinal monitoring of the academic progress, and to better inform policy, practice and planning of activities to support these children. National linkage of multiple administrative data sources is proposed, with the aim of capturing a variety of data across the primary and secondary schooling years.

Scoping reportable measures for the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020: supporting outcome 1

This working paper provides an overview of the work that AIHW completed for the Standing Council on Community and Disability Services Advisory Council in relation to the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children (NFPAC). Based on targeted literature and extensive data source reviews, coupled with analyses of the aims and underlying logic, this paper outlines recommendations for new indicators and options for future reporting against supporting outcome 1 of the NFPAC.

National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020: technical paper on operational definitions and data issues for key national indicators

This technical paper specifies the operational definitions and primary data sources for the key national indicators under the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020. It outlines the best currently available data sources for the key national indicators that the AIHW has identified, in conjunction with the National Framework Implementation Working Group. It comments on data gaps and limitations, particularly inconsistencies between indicator (ideal) definitions and existing data definitions.

Child protection Australia 2011-12

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. Key findings include:- Between 2010-11 and 2011-12, the number of children who were the subject of substantiations increased from 31,527 to 37,781 (an increase in the rate from 6.1 to 7.4 per 1,000 children).- There were 14,191 children admitted to orders during 2011-12; about two-fifths (39%) of these children had previously been admitted to an order. - The rate of children in out-of-home care at 30 June increased from 7.3 per 1,000 children in 2011 to 7.7 in 2012.

Children and young people at risk of social exclusion: links between homelessness, child protection and juvenile justice

Following the release of a study exploring the feasibility of linking three community-sector data collections, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare was funded to link available child protection, juvenile justice and Supported Accommodation Assistance Program data. Analysis of the linked data shows that children and young people who are involved in one of these three sectors are more likely to be involved in another of the sectors than the general population. While the results are limited by data availability, the project highlights the valuable information that can be gained by data linkage.

Linking SAAP, child protection and juvenile justice data: technical report

Following the release of a study exploring the feasibility of linking three community-sector data collections, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare was funded to link child protection, juvenile justice and Supported Accommodation Assistance Program data. This report describes the process used to link these collections. The analysis of the linked data is in a companion report, Children and young people at risk of social exclusion: links between homelessness, child protection and juvenile justice.

Child protection Australia 2010–11

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. Key findings include: since 2009-10, the number of children subject to a notification decreased by 13% from 187,314 to 163,767; since 2006-07, the number of children subject to a substantiation of a notification has decreased by 7% from 34,028 to 31,527 (6.9 to 6.1 per 1,000 children); the number of children in out-of-home care has increased by 5% from 35,895 in 2010 to 37,648 in 2011.

Headline indicators for children's health, development and wellbeing, 2011

This report provides the latest available information on how Australia's children aged 0-12 years are faring according to the Children's Headline Indicators-19 priority areas covering health status, risk and protective factors, early learning and care, and family and community environments. The Children's Headline Indicators are designed to help guide and evaluate policy development by measuring progress on agreed priority areas for children, and have been endorsed by Ministerial Councils for health, community and disability services, and education. Australian children are faring well, but results vary between states and territories, and across particular population groups, such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, and those in remote or socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. It is clear, therefore, that there is scope for further gains across a number of indicators.

Educational outcomes of children on guardianship or custody orders: a pilot study, Stage 2

This report presents a snapshot of the academic performance of children on guardianship/custody orders from 2003 to 2006, and changes in their performance over this period. This concludes a two-stage pilot study, the first of its kind in Australia. A considerable proportion of children on guardianship/custody orders are not meeting the national benchmarks for reading and numeracy (ranging from 4% to 68% across states and years), and Indigenous children within this group are particularly disadvantaged.

Child protection Australia 2009-10

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. Across Australia in 2009-10 over 187,000 children were the subject of a child protection notification; just over 31,000 children were the subject of a substantiation; around 37,000 children were on care and protection orders; almost 36,000 children were living in out-of-home care; and there were almost 8,050 foster carer households.

Child protection Australia 2008-09

During 2008-09 across Australia, over 200,000 children were the subject of one or more child protection notifications; almost 33,000 children were the subject of one or more substantiations; over 35,000 children were on care and protection orders; and around 34,000 children were living in out-of-home care. This report contains comprehensive information relating to state and territory child protection and support services, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system.

Child protection Australia 2007-08

Child protection Australia 2007-08 provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. The report contains data for 2007-08, as well as trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type and the source of notification are included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Linking SAAP, child protection and juvenile justice data collections: a feasibility study

Linking the SAAP, child protection and juvenile justice data collections would provide valuable information about the characteristics of people who are involved in one or more of these sectors. This information would support policies and programs aimed at implementing, monitoring and evaluating targeted intervention strategies. In this report, the feasibility of linking these three data collections is investigated. The authors conclude that linkage is technically feasible and that both the SAAP and juvenile justice data collections have data currently suitable for linkage. Linkage with the child protection data collection would be dependent on the successful implementation of the planned national minimum data set.

Child protection Australia 2006-07

Child protection Australia 2006-07 provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. The report contains data for 2006-07, as well as trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type and the source of notification are also included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Educational outcomes of children on guardianship or custody orders: a pilot study

This report provides a snapshot of the academic performance, as assessed by literacy and numeracy test scores, of children on guardianship or custody orders in 2003. The educational performance of these children are compared with all children sitting these tests, and differences in academic performance between particular subgroups of children on guardianship/custody orders are also examined. This pilot project involved interdepartmental linkage (education and community services departments) of administrative data across multiple jurisdictions-the first Australian study in this field to have done so.

Child protection Australia 2005-06

Child Protection Australia 2005-06 provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. The report contains data for 2005-06, as well as trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type and the source of notification are also included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Child protection and out-of-home care performance indicators

The report describes the history of child protection and out-of-home care performance indicators as well as the current performance indicator framework used in Australia, where service performance is assessed in terms of effectiveness and efficiency. The data used to populate these indicators come from a variety of sources. The Productivity Commission, in its role as Secretariat for the Review of Government Service Provision, collects some data directly from the states and territories while other data are supplied via the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.Eight effectiveness indicators are discussed in this report. An overview of how each state and territory is performing against these indicators is provided. Factors which might affect the effectiveness of service provision, including policy, legislation, funding and resources, are also discussed to help explain data trends. The report concludes with a discussion of future directions for the performance indicator framework in the area of child protection and out-of-home care in Australia.

Child protection Australia 2004-05

This report is based on information from three national child protection data collections - child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations; children on care and protection orders; and children in out-of-home care. These data are collected each year by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare from the community services departments in each state and territory. Most of the data in this report cover the 2004-05 financial year, although data on trends in child protection are also included.

Child protection Australia 2003-04

This report is based on information from three national child protection data collections - child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations; children on care and protection orders; and children in out-of-home care. These data are collected each year by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare from the community services departments in each state and territory. Most of the data in this report cover the 2003-04 financial year, although data on trends in child protection are also included.

Child protection Australia 2002-03

Child Protection Australia 2002-03 provides comprehensive information on child protection services provided by State and Territory community service departments. The report contains data for 2002-03, as well as trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition for child protection substantiations, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are also included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Australia's welfare 2003

Australia's Welfare is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia. Topics include welfare services expenditure, the welfare services labour force, children's and family services, child protection, housing assistance, services for homeless people, ageing and aged care services and disability services. Australia's Welfare 2003 also features special chapters on informal care and indicators of the welfare of Australia's population.

Child protection Australia 2001-02

Child Protection Australia 2001-02 provides comprehensive information on child protection services provided by State and Territory community service departments. The report contains data for 2001-02, as well as trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition for child protection substantiations, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are also included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Child protection Australia 2001-02, first national results

This preliminary report provides comprehensive information on children who come into contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 2001-02, as well as trend data on child protection notifications and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care.

Guidelines for interpretation of child protection and out-of-home care performance indicators

Each year the Report on Government Services publishes performance data on a range of government services. These guidelines were developed to assist readers to interpret the performance indicator data for child protection and out-of-home care services. For each of the performance indicators, the guidelines provide information on what is being measured, the importance of the indicator, factors that might affect performance, performance ranges for similar indicators within Australia and internationally and the views of professionals on what might be considered an 'adequate' performance range.

Child protection Australia 2000-01

This report provides comprehensive information on children who come into contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 2000-01, as well as trend data on child protection notifications and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care.Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are included. For children on care and protection orders there are data on types of orders and living arrangements, and for children in out-of-home care there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Australia's welfare 2001

Australia's Welfare is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia. Topics include welfare services expenditure, children's and family services, child protection, housing assistance, crisis accommodation and support services, aged care services and disability services. Australia's Welfare 2001 features special chapters on the trend away from institutional care towards community-based care and on the measurement of welfare in contemporary Australia.

Child protection Australia 1999-00

The report provides comprehensive information on children who come in contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 1999-00, as well as trend data, on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders, and children in out-of-home care.Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented. Specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are included. For children on care and protection orders, there are data on types of orders and living arrangements; for children in out-of-home care, there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.

Child protection Australia 1998-99

Provides comprehensive information on children who come into contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 1998-99 on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care.Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented, specifically data on their age, sex and indigenous status. For children who were the subject of a child protection substantiation, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are also included.

Comparability of child protection data

Examines the comparability of child protection data across the States and Territories of Australia. Several options for improving comparability are described in the report, involving the adoption of a generic reporting framework and several enhancements to the national child protection data collection.

Child protection Australia 1997-98

Provides comprehensive information on children who come into contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 1997-98 on notifications, investigations and substantiations of child abuse and neglect, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care.

Child protection Australia 1996-97

National data on child abuse and neglect, children on care and protection orders and children in out of home care are brought together for the first time in Child Protection Australia 1996-97. This new source provides more comprehensive information at the national level on children who come into contact with State and Territory community services departments for protective reasons.

Children on care and protection orders Australia 1995-96

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by state and territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1995-96

Presents statistics on notifications of child abuse and neglect made to State and Territory community service departments in the 1995-96 financial year.

Children under care and protection orders Australia 1994-95

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by State and Territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1994-95

Child abuse or neglect occurs when a person (generally having the care of a child) inflicts, or allows to be inflicted on the child, other than by accidental means, a physical injury or deprivation which may create a substantial risk of death, disfigurement, or the impairment of either physical or emotional health and development.This publication is the sixteenth in the Child Welfare Series by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It presents, for each State and Territory, information on reports of child abuse and neglect made to welfare departments in Australia during 1994-95. It shows the number of cases and characteristics of children affected, including the type of abuse, age andsex of the child, the source of report, nature of injury or harm, and relationship to the child and sex of the person believed responsible for the abuse or neglect.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1994: reporting and investigating procedures in Australia

A compendium of information relating to child abuse and neglect reporting and investigation procedures in Australia.Thecompendiumincludes,foreachStateandTerritory,adescriptionofthereportingand investigationprocedures,summariesof relevantlegislationsandadescriptionof  the mandatoryreportingrequirements.Alsoincludedarethe nationalstandardsfordata collection  forchild  abuseandneglect,andalistofthemajornon-governmentorganisations with  aroleinchild  protection.Itwillbeauseful companiontotheAustralianInstituteof HealthandWelfare'sseries ofannualpublicationsonchild  abuse  and  neglect  inAustralia aswellasauseful  toolforresearchinthechildprotectionarea.

Children under care and protection orders Australia 1992-93

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by State and Territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1992-93

Presents statistics on notifications of child abuse and neglect made to State and Territory community service departments in the 1992-92 financial year.

Children under care and protection orders Australia 1993-94

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by State and Territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Australia's welfare 1993: services and assistance

The first biennial report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare on Australia's welfare services and assistance. This report is the first major attempt to describe the provision of welfare services in Australia and contains information on four main welfare service areas: housing assistance; children's services; aged care services; and disability services. The text is backed by 27 charts, 134 tables and 10 special information boxes. A comprehensive index and extensive reference lists are also included.

Children under care and protection orders Australia 1991-92

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by State and Territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1991-92

Presents statistics on notifications of child abuse and neglect made to State and Territory community service departments in the 1991-92 financial year.

Children under care and protection orders Australia 1990-91

Presents statistics on children on care and protection orders based on data provided by State and Territory welfare departments for the year 1 July to 30 June the following year.

Child abuse and neglect Australia 1990-91

Presents statistics on notifications of child abuse and neglect made to State and Territory community service departments in the 1992-92 financial year.