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Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts mortality

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease. This report on Mortality presents up-to-date statistics as well as trends on deaths from these chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics, and variations across population groups, including among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

Projections of the prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease in Australia 2012-2020

End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is the most severe form of chronic kidney disease with patients usually requiring kidney replacement therapy in the form of dialysis or kidney transplantation to survive. Projections of the prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease in Australia presents national level projections of the number of people receiving kidney replacement therapy for their ESKD for the period 2012 to 2020. This information is important for predicting the future burden of ESKD in Australia.

National performance indicators to support neonatal hearing screening in Australia

Around half the children born with hearing impairment have no identified risk factor for the condition. It is widely acknowledged that delays in the identification and treatment of permanent childhood hearing impairment may profoundly affect quality of life in terms of language acquisition, social and emotional development, and education and employment prospects. All states and territories in Australia have universal neonatal hearing screening. This working paper presents a set of performance indicators for monitoring neonatal hearing screening activity in Australia at a national level. National evaluation and monitoring provides a measure of how well neonatal hearing screening is achieving its aims and objectives and will enable strengthening of screening practices and administrative processes to further improve outcomes for Australian infants.

Chronic kidney disease: regional variation in Australia

Chronic kidney disease is a common and serious problem in Australia and its management can be resource intensive, particularly for the most severe form of the disease: end-stage kidney disease. Rates of chronic kidney disease vary by geographic location.This report shows:people from Remote and very remote areas were 2.2 times more likely to die from chronic kidney disease than people from Major cities.people from Very remote areas were at least 4 times more likely to start kidney replacement therapy (dialysis or kidney transplant) than people from non-remote areas.

The health of Australia's prisoners 2012

Prisoners have significant health issues, with high rates of mental health problems, communicable diseases, alcohol misuse, smoking and illicit drug use. 38% of prison entrants have ever been told they have a mental illness, 32% have a chronic condition. 84% are current smokers, but almost half of them would like to quit. 37% of prisoners about to be released said their health was a lot better than when they entered prison.

Vaccination uptake among people with chronic respiratory disease

Research has shown that vaccinations against influenza and pneumococcal infection can benefit people with obstructive airways disease, which includes asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This report reviews the limited information available in Australia on how many people with asthma and COPD have the vaccination, and finds that the uptake rate is not as high as would be expected if recommendations were being followed.It presents a range of data improvement options that would enhance our ability to monitor vaccination uptake in this and other at-risk population groups.

Multiple causes of death in Australia: an analysis of all natural and selected chronic disease causes of death 1997-2007

Multiple causes of death data are useful for describing the role of all diseases involved in deaths. This bulletin is the first comprehensive application of multiple causes of death statistics to natural causes of death and specific chronic diseases of public health importance in Australia. It may be useful for guiding and improving policy for reducing deaths from these chronic diseases and for targeting future investment in health prevention. When describing patterns of causes of death using only the underlying cause, important cause information is overlooked. Analyses using multiple cause data complement routine descriptions of mortality that use only the underlying cause and offer broader insight into the disease processes occurring at the end of life.

Risk factors contributing to chronic disease

Online version of Risk factors contributing to chronic disease.

Risk factors contributing to chronic disease

 Chronic diseases are responsible for a large portion of the disease burden in Australia, and many are highly preventable by reducing known risk factors. This report shows that:Most people have at least one risk factor and more than 90%  do not consume enough vegetables.Social disadvantage is associated with risky health behaviours.Nearly 60%of Australians do not undertake sufficient levels of physical activity, and many of us (almost 80%) usually spend 3 or more hours sitting during our leisure time.

Key indicators of progress for chronic disease and associated determinants: data report

With preventive health now a major focus of health reform in Australia, this report provides information about the prevalence of those chronic diseases for which behavioural changes, or increased screening practices, can reduce onset, assist in management, or prevent death. The report contains current prevalence rates, and where possible, shows trends in chronic conditions over time.Statistics about the determinants of chronic disease assist in planning of prevention programs and strategies. When monitored over time, they may also help explain and predict any changes in chronic disease trends.

Contribution of chronic disease to the gap in mortality between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians

Chronic diseases are major contributors to the mortality gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and other Australians.  About 80% of the mortality gap for people aged 35 to 74 years is due to chronic diseases, measured in terms of potential years of life lost. The major contributors are heart diseases, diabetes, liver diseases, chronic lower respiratory disease, cerebrovascular diseases and cancer.

Premature mortality from chronic disease

This bulletin uses potential years of life lost to describe mortality patterns for deaths due to chronic disease. It shows that most premature deaths were due to chronic disease. The leading cause of premature mortality among females was breast cancer and among males it was coronary heart disease. Further, the bulletin highlights that a large proportion of premature chronic disease deaths were also potentially avoidable.

Key indicators of progress for chronic disease and associated determinants: technical report

The reporting of statistics about chronic diseases and their associated determinants enables the monitoring of outcomes of interventions and health programs, and helps to assess the needs for health services in the future. This report describes forty-two indicators developed to measure the progress in prevention of chronic disease in Australia. For each indicator, operational definitions are provided in terms of recommended data sources, availability of data, and the presentation of the indicators.

Chronic disease and participation in work

With the Australian population ageing and experiencing increasing rates of some risk factors such as obesity, chronic disease prevalence is on the rise. Chronic disease can result in functional limitation and disability associated with ill health. As a result, people with chronic disease may be limited in their ability to participate fully in the workforce. For this report, the 2004-05 National Health Survey has been used to assess the association between selected chronic diseases and workforce participation and absenteeism from work. The report also includes an estimate of the loss to the workforce due to death from selected chronic diseases. This report is a timely reminder of the cost of chronic disease to both the community and economy and provides further evidence for national action to prevent chronic disease.

Indicators for chronic diseases and their determinants 2008

'Indicators for chronic diseases and their determinants, 2008' is the third in a series of reports on chronic disease released by the AIHW. It is the first report that aligns information about chronic diseases with selected national health indicators. Importantly, the report highlights where indicators for chronic diseases do not exist, and where data to report against current indicators are lacking. The report is a vital resource for policy makers, researchers and others interested in chronic diseases, their associated risk factors, and the indicators that enable them to be measured in Australia.

Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2006

'Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia 2006' presents updated statistics on chronic diseases and their associated risk factors in Australia. Chronic diseases are conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes and arthritis (to name a few), that tend to be long-lasting and persistent in their symptoms or development. More than 15 million Australians are directly affected by at least one chronic disease. This report builds on the AIHW's 2001 report, and focuses on patterns of disease across the age groups, the prevalence of risk factors and their trends, the effects of chronic diseases on health services in Australia, and the differences in chronic diseases and their risk factors across geographical areas, socioeconomic status and Indigenous status. This report is a vital resource for policy makers, researchers and others interested in chronic diseases and their associated risk factors.

Selected chronic diseases among Australia's children

This bulletin presents information on the incidence, prevalence and trends for three of the major chronic diseases among children-asthma, diabetes and cancer. In addition, information about problems managed by general practitioners is presented, as well as a summary of hospitalisations and deaths for a wider range of childhood chronic diseases including cerebral palsy, epilepsy and cystic fibrosis.

Chronic respiratory diseases in Australia: their prevalence, consequences and prevention

Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and emphysema, are very prevalent in Australia. They disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and lead to thousands of deaths each year. Many of these diseases are largely preventable and manageable. This report brings together data from a variety of sources to highlight the prevalence and impact of chronic respiratory diseases in Australia. The information included in this report will be relevant to policy makers, the broader community and anyone with an interest in the respiratory diseases.

Issues and priorities in the surveillance and monitoring of chronic diseases in Australia: report of a workshop held 8-9 November 2001, Canberra

Chronic diseases and their associated risk factors pose significant challenges for health planners and policy makers in Australia. One of these is the task of establishing a system for their regular surveillance and monitoring. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing co-hosted a workshop in November 2001 to examine the issues and priorities in setting up such a system. Among the issues discussed were frameworks for surveillance and monitoring, data requirements, and linkage of this information to public health interventions and policy development. The main priorities addressed were biomedical risk factors and markers, behavioural risks factors and other psychosocial variables, and the utilisation and harmonisation of various types of data. This report provides an account of the workshop, its deliberations and outcomes.