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Cardiovascular disease , type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease share many risk factors.

Table 1: Relationships between cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease and their risk factors
Risk factor Cardiovascular disease Type 2 diabetes Chronic kidney disease
Overweight and obesity yes yes yes
Physical inactivity yes yes yes
Poor diet yes yes yes
Tobacco smoking yes yes yes
Excessive alcohol consumption yes no not confirmed
High blood pressure yes yes yes
High blood cholesterol yes yes no
Impaired glucose regulation not confirmed yes yes

How many adults had risk factors?

In 2011–12:

  • 63% were overweight or obese
  • 56% were inactive or insufficiently active
  • 95% of adults did not consume recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables
  • 16% smoked daily
  • 20% exceeded lifetime alcohol risk guidelines
  • 32% had high blood pressure (including 22% with uncontrolled high blood pressure)
  • 63% had dyslipidaemia (abnormal amounts of lipids such as cholesterol in the blood)
  • 3% had impaired fasting glucose (indicating higher than normal blood glucose levels, known as pre-diabetes).

Multiple risk factors:

  • 66% of adults had 3 or more risk factors at the same time.
  • 10% had 5 or 6 risk factors.

For more information, see Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts: risk factors.