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There were 472 deaths among children aged 1–14 in 2012. This age group experienced the lowest mortality rate of any age group in 2012 (12 deaths per 100,000 population aged 1-14 ; or 1 death for every 8,475 children aged 1–14). The death rate among children decreased by 41% since 1997 (from 20 deaths per 100,000; Figure 5.1).

Nearly half (48%) of all child deaths in 2012 were considered potentially avoidable, for example, deaths from land transport accidents.

Figure 5.1: Death rates among children aged 1–14, by sex, 1997–2012

Premature mortality ages 1-14: trends in death rates PNG

Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S1, 524KB XLS).

Injury and poisoning were among the leading causes of death in this age group: land transport accidents accounted for 14% of child deaths in 2010–2012 and accidental drowning and submersions accounted for 6.6% (Table 5.1).
In 2010–2012, boys accounted for more than two-thirds (65%) of land transport deaths and three-quarters (77%) of drowning deaths in children aged 1–14. 

Table 5.1: Leading causes of death among children aged 1–14, 2010–2012
Rank Cause of death Deaths Per cent
1 Land transport accidents (injury)
see fact sheet and GRIM book.
201 Premature mortality ages 1-14: land transport accidents PNG
13.8
2 Perinatal & congenital (other) 130 Premature mortality ages 1-14: perinatal & congenital PNG
8.9
3 Accidental drowning (injury)
see fact sheet and GRIM book.
97 Premature mortality ages 1-14: accidental drowning PNG
6.6
4 Brain cancer (cancer) 85 Premature mortality ages 1-14: brain cancer PNG
5.8
5 Cerebral palsy & related (other) 67 Premature mortality ages 1-14: cerebral palsy & related PNG
4.6

Notes:

  1. Colours indicate broad cause of death category.
    blue = chronic disease, orange = cancer, purple = injury & poisoning, green = other cause of death.
  2. Injury and poisoning death data should be interpreted with caution due to the potential for revision (see Source data).

Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S2, 524KB XLS).