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In 2007–08, the proportion of Australians with diabetes who also had cardiovascular disease (CVD) was 58%.
In 2004–05, CVD rates among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with diabetes was 49%.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of diseases of the circulatory system that includes coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. A person with diabetes is at greater risk from CVD if they also smoke, don’t get enough exercise, are overweight or obese, or have high blood pressure or high cholesterol. People with diabetes can slow down or delay the onset of CVD by improving their diabetes management and self care.
This indicator shows the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people with diabetes in:
In 2007–08, almost 520,000 people with diabetes also had CVD (which is 58% of people with diabetes) (Table 1).
Over 67,000 (61%) people with diabetes living in outer regional and remote areas had CVD (Table 1). 61% of people with diabetes living in inner regional areas also had CVD, while 56% of people with diabetes living in major cities had CVD.
59% of people with diabetes who were born in Australia also had CVD, while 56% of people with diabetes who were born overseas had CVD.
In 2004–05, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians with diabetes who had CVD was 49%.
Notes 1. Crude rates are presented.2. Rates are for people with diabetes.3. No data are available for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in 2007–08.4. The ABS National Health Survey excluded persons living in very remote areas of Australia.
Source: AIHW analysis of ABS NHS 2007–08 (reissue).
There are two main data sources:
Prevalence rates of CVD for these groups are crude rates and given as the number of cases of CVD per 100 people with diabetes.
In each of these groups:
the rates compare
Trend data are not available for CVD as coding derivations have changed.
These data come from self-reported responses to the surveys, which may lead to under- or over-reporting of diabetes and CVD.
Differences in collection methods between surveys affect the ways these data can be compared. Changes in public awareness of diabetes over time may also affect this.
Country of birth has been used as a proxy for cultural and linguistic diversity. This does not fully represent the complexity of cultural diversity in Australia.
Data are currently not complete enough to allow analysis of differences between socio-economic groups.
Diabetes is only included in this indicator if people have reported they have been told by a medical practitioner or nurse that they have diabetes. It does not include females with gestational diabetes.
Country of birth has been defined based on the ABS NHS as either Australian-born or overseas-born. Australian-born includes Australia, Norfolk Island and Australian External Territories. Overseas-born includes all other countries/regions and those that were not stated or inadequately described.
Geographic areas have been defined based on Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA). Three categories are used in this indicator: 'Major cities of Australia', 'Inner regional Australia' and 'Outer regional or Remote Australia' (which is a combination of Outer regional and Remote Australia).
Indigenous status is self-reported.
Cardiovascular disease Table 2 below illustrates how cardiovascular disease has been defined for this indicator.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.