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Between 1997 and 2007, the diabetes-related death rate among all Australians fell by 18%.
Indigenous Australians, people born overseas and people living in non-urban areas of Australia had higher rates of diabetes-related death than the general population.
Diabetes and illnesses related to diabetes are among the leading causes of death, illness and disability in Australia (AIHW: Dixon & Webbie 2006). Diabetes has been one of the top ten causes of death in Australia for a number of years. Common complications of diabetes, such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease, are also leading causes of death, and are included in the indicator deaths from diabetes and diabetes-related causes.
The diabetes-related death rate among different population groups compares trends in deaths related to diabetes among:
Notes 1. Directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.2. Refer to Table 1 for coding details for diabetes deaths and diabetes-related deaths.3. 2007 Cause of Death data are not complete.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (NMD). Table 2
Between 1997 and 2007, the death rate from diabetes-related causes:
There are two main data sources for this indicator:
Death data varies in quality across states and territories. The year of registration has been used instead of year of death where the actual year of death is unknown.
Death certificates under-report diabetes by listing it as an associated cause of death rather than an underlying cause of death (AIHW 2007). However, since 1997, death certificates have recorded multiple causes of deaths, improving the reporting of diabetes related deaths.
These rates are given as the number of deaths per 100,000 population. They are age-standardised using the 2001 Australian adult population.
In each of these population groups:
the rates compare
Country of birth has been defined based on the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC), as either Australian-born or overseas-born. Australian-born includes the areas Australia, Norfolk Island and Australian External Territories. Overseas-born includes all other areas and those that were not stated or inadequately described.
Geographic areas have been defined based on Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA). Three categories are used in this indicator: 'Major cities of Australia', 'Inner regional Australia' and 'Outer regional or Remote Australia' (which is a combination of Outer regional and Remote Australia).
Indigenous status is self-reported.
Diabetes-related deaths Table 1 below shows how diabetes-related deaths have been coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD–10).
Note: ‘Diabetes-related deaths’ is based on the definition of ‘deaths related to diabetes’ used in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS 1998). The UKPDS definition has been modified by diabetes specialists on the National Diabetes Data Working Group (NDDWG) to include ischaemic heart disease, sequelae of stroke and heart failure, and other commonly recognised complications of diabetes.
Source: AIHW 2007.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW: Dixon T & Webbie K 2006. The National System for Monitoring Diabetes in Australia. Cat. no. CVD 32. Canberra: AIHW.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (NMD).