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In 2007–08, more than 90% of Australian adults did not eat enough vegetables. Almost 50% did not eat enough fruit and 45% consumed whole milk on a regular basis.
People who do not follow a good diet are at greater risk for Type 2 diabetes.
The proportion of people who are not following national dietary guidelines is an indicator of the number of people at risk for Type 2 diabetes (AIHW 2007). Eating a balanced diet is essential for good health, and a diet that is low in fibre and high in saturated fat increases the risk of becoming overweight or obese. This is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes (AIHW 2008).
The Australian dietary guidelines for adults (NHMRC 2003) recommends adults should:
For this indicator, daily fruit and vegetable consumption is used to estimate fibre intake, and whole milk consumption is used to estimate saturated fat intake in the absence of a better available measure.
In Australia from 2004–05 to 2007–08:
Notes 1. Directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population aged 18 yeas and over.2. Includes only those of whom fruit, vegetable and milk consumption was known.3. Based on self-reported data.
Sources: AIHW 2011 analysis of ABS NHS 2004–05 and 2007–08 (reissue).
Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods:
And take care to:
Source: NHMRC 2003
There are two main data sources:
These rates are directly age-standardised using the 2001 ABS ERP and compare:
Adults are people aged 18 years and over.
At risk dietary behavioursTable 1 shows the variables used to calculate 'At risk' dietary behaviour.
Source: NHMRC 2003.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2008. Diabetes: Australian Facts 2008. Diabetes Series No. 8. AIHW Cat. No. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators, Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2004. Physical activity, diet and body weight: results from the 2001 National Health Survey. Risk Factors Data Briefing Number 1. Canberra: AIHW.
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2003. Dietary guidelines for Australian adults. Canberra: NHMRC.