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Between 2001 and 2007–08, the rate of Australian adults that did not get enough exercise has increased slightly (from 69% to 72%).
People who do not exercise enough are at greater risk for Type 2 diabetes.
The prevalence of little or no exercise among Australian adults is an indicator of Australian adults who are at risk for Type 2 diabetes (AIHW 2007).
Getting enough exercise is important for good health. If you don’t get enough exercise, you are at greater risk of becoming overweight or obese, or developing high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol levels. These are all risk factors for Type 2 diabetes.
The National Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults and Older Australians ('the Guidelines') suggest adults should get at least:
This indicator uses 'exercise' as a proxy for physical activity.
Notes 1. Directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population aged 18 years and over.2. 'Little or no exercise' is defined as being sedentary or having only low-level activity over a two week period.3. Includes only those for whom exercise levels were known, but does not include walking for transport. Exercise includes sport, recreation and fitness.4. Based on self-reported data.
Sources: AIHW 2011 analysis of ABS NHS 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 (reissue).
There are two main data sources:
These rates are directly age-standardised using the 2001 ABS ERP and compare:
Adults are people aged 18 years and over.
Exercise The NHS levels of physical activity were grouped into either 'low or no exercise' or 'moderate or high levels of exercise' to align as closely as possible to the 'sufficient' and 'insufficient' levels in the Guidelines (Table 2). However, it is important to note that the Guidelines are for a one week period, while the NHS data are for a two week period.
(a) Intensity defines the ratio (Metabolic Equivalent or MET) to apply for each type of activity as ratio of the energy spent when the body is at rest (Rest Metabolic Rate).
Source: ABS2006; AIHW 2008.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2006. Physical activity in Australia: a snapshot, 2004–05. ABS cat. no. 4835.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
AIHW 2008. Diabetes: Australian facts 2008. Diabetes series no. 8. Cat. no. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
Department of Health and Aged Care (DHAC) 1999. National physical activity guidelines for Australians. Canberra: DHAC.
Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) 2010. Physical Activity Guidelines. Canberra: DoHA. Viewed 16 November 2010, www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/health-pubhlth-strateg-phys-act-guidelines