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Between 2001 and 2008, the incidence of treated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes increased from 16 to 18 per 10,000 people.
The incidence of treated ESKD between 2001 and 2004–05 increased among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians with diabetes.
The incidence of treated ESKD among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders with diabetes is around 6 times as high as among non-Indigenous Australians with diabetes.
Diabetes is the most common cause of ESKD in Australia (McDonald et al. 2008). The purpose of this indicator is to monitor the trend in new cases of treated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes.
ESKD is a chronic disease in which the kidneys fail over time. People with ESKD require dialysis or kidney transplant to survive. Severe kidney damage can lead to ESKD (AIHW 2008). People with diabetes have a greater risk from kidney damage if they do not manage their blood glucose well. This risk also rises with high blood pressure and smoking.
This indicator shows trends in the incidence of treated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes in:
Between 2001 and 2008:
Note: Directly age-standardised to the 2001 ABS NHS diabetes population.
Source: AIHW analysis of ANZDATA dataset; AIHW analysis of ABS NHS 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 (reissue).
In 2005, there were 171 (0.6%) new cases of ESKD among Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people with diabetes.
Between 2001 and 2005, the age-standardised incidence of treated ESKD amongst people with diabetes:
The main data sources for this indicator are:
The data in this indicator are directly age-standardised and presented as the number of new cases of treated ESKD (at first treatment) per 10,000 population with diabetes.
In each of these population groups:
the rates compare
Incidence is defined as the number of people who are diagnosed with a condition during a given period.
People with diabetes and ESKD include those with diagnosed Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and treated end-stage kidney disease.
People with diabetes include those who self-reported having diabetes to the 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 (Reissue) NHS, 2001 NHS–IS and 2004–05 NATSIHS.
Indigenous status is self-reported.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2008. Diabetes: Australian facts 2008. Diabetes series no. 8. Cat. no. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
McDonald SP, Excell L & Livingston B 2008. Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry Report 2008. Adelaide: ANZDATA.