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Between 2005 and 2008, the rate of treated end stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes fell from 8 to 6 per 1,000 people.
Between 2004 and 2005 the prevalence of treated ESKD among Indigenous Australians with diabetes rose, and was more than 6 times as high as among non-Indigenous Australians.
Diabetes is the most common cause of ESKD in Australia (McDonald et al. 2008). The purpose of this indicator is to monitor the trend in the proportion of people of treated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes.
ESKD is a chronic disease in which the kidneys fail over time. People with ESKD require dialysis or kidney transplant to survive. Severe kidney damage can lead to ESKD (AIHW 2008). People with diabetes have a greater risk from kidney damage if they do not manage their blood glucose well. This risk also rises with high blood pressure and smoking.
This indicator shows trends in the prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) among people with diabetes in:
In 2008, there were 5,697 cases of treated ESKD amongst people with diabetes in Australia, equating to 0.6% of Australians with diabetes.
Between 2005 and 2008, the rate of treated ESKD amongst people with diabetes:
Note: Directly age-standardised to the ABS NHS 2004–05 diabetes population.
Sources: AIHW analysis of ANZDATA dataset; AIHW analysis of ABS NHS 2004–05 and 2007–08 (reissue).
In 2005 there were 766 (2.6%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with treated ESKD who also had diabetes.
Between 2004 and 2005, the age-standardised proportion of people with diabetes and treated ESKD:
The main data sources for this indicator are:
The data in this indicator are directly age-standardised and presented as the number of cases of treated ESKD per 1,000 population with diabetes.
In each of these population groups:
the rates compare
Prevalence is defined as the number of people who are diagnosed with a condition at a given time.
People with diabetes and ESKD include those with diagnosed Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and treated end-stage kidney disease.
People with diabetes include those who self-reported having diabetes to the ABS NHS 2004–05 and 2007–08 (Reissue) and 2004–05 NATSIHS.
Indigenous status is self-reported.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2008. Diabetes: Australian facts 2008. Diabetes series no. 8. Cat. no. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
McDonald SP, Excell L & Livingston B 2008. Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry Report 2008. Adelaide: ANZDATA.