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From 1989–90 to 2011–12, the prevalence of diabetes more than doubled, from 1.5% to 4.2% of Australians. However, diabetes prevalence remained stable between 2007–08 (4.1%) and 2011–12 (4.2%).
The prevalence of diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes mellitus) shows the burden of diabetes in the community. This indicator compares the proportion of people with diabetes among:
It also looks at how these proportions have changed over time.
Between 1989–90 and 2011–12, the age-standardised prevalence of diabetes more than doubled, from 1.5% to 4.2% of Australians (Figure 1). However, the age-standardised prevalence of diabetes remained relatively stable between 2007–08 (4.1%) and 2011–12 (4.2%). This means that the proportion of the total Australian population with diabetes was relatively unchanged over this period. But the total number of people with diabetes continued to increase, from around 898,800 in 2007–08 to around 999,000 in 2011–12.
Sources:AIHW analysis of ABS NHS 1989–90, 1995, 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 NHS (reissue) and ABS 2011–12 Australian Health Survey data (Release 7 June 2013). Table 2
From 1995 to 2007–08:
Between 2001 and 2004–05, the prevalence of diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians was more than three times that of non-Indigenous Australians.
Diabetes prevalence rates among these population groups are not yet available for 2011–12.
n.a = not available.
Sources: AIHW 2011 analysis of ABS NHS 1995, 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 (reissue), ABS NHS–IS 2001 and NATSIHS 2004–05.
In 2011–12, an estimated 999,000 Australians had been told by a doctor or a nurse that they had diabetes at some time in their lives (based on self-reported data). Of these:
There are three main data sources:
All comparisons of diabetes prevalence over time are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian standard population.
In each of these population groups:
the rates compare
Prevalence of diabetes is the number or proportion of people with diabetes mellitus in the population at a given time. Females with gestational diabetes are not included in these estimates.
Country of birth has been defined based on the ABS Standard Australian Classification of Countries, as either Australian-born or overseas-born. Australian-born includes Australia, Norfolk Island and Australian External Territories. Overseas-born includes all other countries/regions and those that were not stated or inadequately described.
Geographic areas have been defined based on Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA). Three categories are used in this indicator: 'Major cities of Australia', 'Inner regional Australia' and 'Outer regional or Remote Australia' (which is a combination of Outer regional and Remote Australia).
Indigenous status is self-reported.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
Sources: AIHW analysis of ABS NHS 1989–90, 1995, 2001, 2004–05 and 2007–08 NHS (reissue) and ABS 2011–12 Australian Health Survey data (7 June release).