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In 1999–2000, people with diabetes reported poorer quality of life than people without diabetes.
A person's quality of life includes their health and wellbeing across all physical, mental and social aspects.
This indicator compares the quality of life of people with diabetes with that of people without diabetes based on their responses to an in-depth survey (SF-36). The SF-36 is a survey form that produces an 8-scale health profile as well as quality of life related to an individual’s health status.
In 1999–2000, people with diabetes reported lower scores for quality of life than people without diabetes, across all eight dimensions of the survey (Figure 1). A lower SF-36 score indicates a lower quality of life.
The greatest differences were in 'general health perception' (people with diabetes were 12 points lower), 'physical functioning' (11 points lower), and 'role limitation due to physical problems' (9 points lower).
Notes 1. Directly age-standardised to the AusDiab study population.2. All differences between the groups 'people with diabetes' and 'people without diabetes' are statistically significant.
Source: AIHW analysis of 1999–2000 AusDiab study.
There are two main data sources:
This indicator uses age-standardised mean scores for people with and without diabetes aged 25 years and over. The data are from the SF-36 questionnaire used in the 1999–2000 AusDiab study. The mean scores were calculated using the method given in the ABS 1995 National Health Survey (ABS 1997).
Quality of lifeTable 1 shows the dimensions of the quality of life, as defined in the SF-36 survey/tool.
Source: Ware 2004.
ABS 1997. National Health Survey, 1995: SF36 Population Norms, Australia. ABS Cat. No. 4399.0. Canberra: ABS.
AIHW 2007. National indicators for monitoring diabetes: report of the Diabetes Indicators Review Subcommittee of the National Diabetes Data Working Group. Diabetes series no. 6. Cat. no. CVD 38. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2008. Diabetes: Australian facts 2008. Diabetes series no. 8. Cat. no. CVD 40. Canberra: AIHW.
Ware J 2004. SF-36 Health Survey Update. In: Maruish M (ed). The Use of Psychological Testing For Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment, Instrument for Adults, Third Edition. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 693-718.