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Diabetes indicators, Australia are a set of key national statistics on diabetes, risk factors and diabetes-related complications. These standardised measures provide important information for establishing benchmarks; monitoring the health of the population; comparing population groups; and evaluating the effectiveness of policy, prevention and management strategies.

The diabetes indicators presented here are based on National indicators for monitoring diabetes (2007). In this report, a set of indicators were identified as high priority for informing and guiding policy. Where possible the most recent data are used to update the indicator, however data are not available for all indicators included in the 2007 report.

The definition and data sources of each indicator are described in the indicators specification table.

Indicators of progress for diabetes

Unfavourable trend icon Unfavourable trend No change icon No change No trend data icon No trend data
Unfavourable trend icon Prevalence of diabetes No change icon Proportion of people overweight or obese No trend data Proportion of people effectively managing type 2 diabetes
Unfavourable trend icon Prevalence of cardiovascular disease among people with diabetes No change icon Proportion of people not following guidelines for physical activity
Unfavourable trend icon Prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease among people with diabetes   No change icon Proportion of people not following dietary recommendations
No change icon Incidence of diabetes—type 1 diabetes
No change icon Prevalence of vision loss
No change icon Incidence of non-traumatic amputation among people with diabetes
No change icon Diabetes-related death rate

Bar chart shows the proportion of people who are overweight or obese in 2007-08, 2011-12 and 2014-15 has remained around 60%.

Proportion of people overweight or obese

Almost two-in-three adults (63%) were overweight or obese in 2014–15, with rates remaining stable since 2007–08.

However, rates of obesity among adults increased by 13% between 2007–08 and 2011–12 (from 24% to 27%), and have remained stable since then (28% in 2014–15).


Column chart shows two in three adults did not do sufficient physical exercise in 2007-08, 2011-12 and 2014-15.

Proportion of people not following guidelines for physical activity

Two-in-three adults (66%) did little or no exercise in 2014–15. While rates of physical inactivity declined between 2007–08 and 2011–12, since then rates have been stable.


Column graph compares rates of insufficient vegetable intake and insufficient fruit intake for 2007-08, 2011-12 and 2014-15.

Proportion of people not following dietary recommendations

The proportion of adults not consuming the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables remained stable between 2007–08 and 2014–15:

  • One-in-two adults (51%) had inadequate fruit consumption in 2014–15, similar to 2007–08 and 2011–12.
  • 93% had inadequate vegetable consumption in 2014–15, with rates remaining stable since 2007–08.

Pie chart shows around half of people with T2 diabetes manage their condition effectively.

Proportion of people effectively managing type 2 diabetes

In 2011–12, over half (51%) of those with type 2 diabetes were effectively managing their condition.

There are currently no data available to update this indicator.


Line graph shows the prevalence of diabetes has increased from 1.5% in 1989-90 to 4.7% in 2014-15.

Prevalence of diabetes

Prevalence of self-reported diabetes has increased―proportions have tripled over the last 2 decades, increasing from 1.5% to 4.7% between 1989–90 and 2014–15.


Line graph shows the incidence rate for T1 diabetes has remained stable around 11-13 cases per 100,000 population from 2000 to 2014.

Incidence of diabetes—type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes incidence rates remained relatively stable between 2000–2014, fluctuating between 11 and 13 new cases per 100,000 population each year (in 2014, the rate was 11 per 100,000 population).

Note: there are currently no data available on the incidence of type 2 diabetes.


Column graph shows the prevalence of CVD among people with diabetes is rising.

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease among people with diabetes

Cardiovascular disease among people with diabetes is on the rise―proportions increased by 17% from 52% in 2011–12 to 61% in 2014–15.


Column graph shows the prevalance of vision loss among people with diabetes has remained constant.

Prevalence of vision loss

Vision loss caused by diabetes remained relatively stable at 8% between 2011–12 and 2014–15.


Column graph shows the prevalence of ESKD has risen among people with diabetes.

Prevalence of treated end-stage kidney disease among people with diabetes

End-stage kidney disease among people with diabetes increased from 4 cases per 1,000 people in 2001 to around 7 cases per 1,000 in both 2011 and 2014.


Column graph shows the incidence of non-traumatic limb amputation among people with diabetes has remained constant between 3 and 5 per 1,000 people with diabetes, between 2000-01 and 2014-15.

Incidence of non-traumatic amputation among people with diabetes

Hospitalisation rates for lower limb amputations remained relatively stable between 2000–01 and 2014–15, fluctuating between 3 and 5 per 1,000 people with diabetes (in 2014–15, the rate was 3 per 1,000 people).


Line graph shows the diabetes-related death rate has remained relatively stable around  57 deaths per 100,000 people between 1997 and 2013.

Diabetes-related death rate

Diabetes-related death rates have remained relatively stable at an average of 57 deaths per 100,000 population between 1997 and 2013 (in 2013, the rate was 55 per 100,000 population).


This information was last updated in August 2016.