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Impacts of chronic back problems
Chronic back problems are common conditions in Australia (16% of the total population) and cause of disability (28% of the total population with disability) in Australia. Chronic back problems can have a strong negative effect on a person’s quality of life, affecting their ability to participate in daily activities, work, family and social activities. This bulletin provides the latest detailed information on the impacts (in terms of quality of life and disability) of chronic back problems in Australia.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2014–15
In 2014–15, around 333,800 people used disability support services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA), including around 1,900 who transitioned to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) during the year. Many (44%) had an intellectual or learning disability, more than half (52%) lived with their families, and close to one-third (30%) of those aged 15 and over were not in the labour force.
Health status and risk factors of Australians with disability 2007–08 and 2011–12
This report examines how health-related factors affect the health status of Australians with disability at the national population level. In 2011–12, half (51%) of people aged 15–64 with severe or profound disability reported poor or fair health, compared with 6% for those without disability. Half (50%) of people aged under 65 with severe or profound disability had mental health conditions, compared with 8% for those without disability. Higher proportions of people aged 15–64 with severe or profound disability compared with those without disability were obese (43% versus 25%), doing no physical exercise (46% versus 31%), daily smokers (31% versus 15%) and having a very high level of psychological distress (22% versus 1%).
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2013–14
In 2013–14, an estimated 321,531 people used disability support services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA), including 4,200 who transitioned to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) during the year. Over half (55%) of all NDA service users had an intellectual or learning disability and many needed at least some assistance in one or more of the three broad life areas—activities of daily living (68%), activities of independent living (82%), and activities of work, education and community living (86%).
Access to health services by Australians with disability 2012
In 2012, 17% of people with disability who needed to see a GP delayed or did not go because of the cost; 20% who needed to see a medical specialist did not go mainly due to the cost; and 67% who needed to see a dentist delayed seeing or did not go because of the cost. Compared with people with disability living in Major cities, people with disability living in Outer regional and Remote areas had lower use rates of services provided by GPs, medical specialists and dentists as well as coordinated care provided by different types of health professionals. They were more likely to visit a hospital emergency department for health issues that could potentially be dealt with by non-hospital services, and to face barriers to accessing health services.
Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012
Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2012-13
In 2012–13, Australian governments spent $7.2 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement. More than 312,500 people used services during this time. The most common services users were people with intellectual, physical and psychiatric disabilities.
People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11: technical report
This report describes the linkage process used to identify the extent of joint use of Disability Services and the Home and Community Care program. The methods used to derive analysis variables are also described. Under one-fifth of Disability Service users also used HACC in 2010-11. The analysis of joint program use is presented in the companion report People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care 2010–11.
People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11
This report examines the characteristics and service use of people who accessed both Disability Services and Home and Community Care programs. In 2010–11 around 54,800 people were known to have used both programs, and the majority of these people were aged under 65 (89%). The report found that people using both programs required higher, more complex and diverse supports, and relied on a wide range of complementary services from both programs to support their distinct support needs.
Diabetes and disability: impairments, activity limitations, participation restrictions and comorbidities
The report examines the association between diabetes and disability in Australia using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers 2009. People with diabetes were twice as likely to have a disability (39% compared with 17%) and almost 3 times as likely to have a severe or profound limitation (14% compared with 5%) than people without diabetes. Among working-age people with diabetes and disability, 40% said they were permanently unable to work compared with 20% of people with a disability who did not have diabetes.People with diabetes reported higher rates of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, depression, vision loss and kidney related disorders than people without diabetes.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2011-12
In 2011–12, Australian governments spent $6.9 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement—an increase of 10% from the previous year. More than 317,600 people used services during this time—an increase of 1% from the previous year. The most common services users were people with intellectual, physical and psychiatric disabilities.
Incontinence in Australia
This report details the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It includes estimates of prevalence rates and total expenditure on incontinence, as well as the number of primary carers of people suffering from the condition. It also updates data development since the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's 2006 incontinence report.
Incontinence in Australia: prevalence, experience and cost
This bulletin reports on the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It also presents information on prevalence rates and how much was spent on incontinence (excluding residential aged care costs) in 2008-09. There were an estimated 316,500 people suffering from severe incontinence in 2009, most of whom were female (66%). As well, 73% of primary carers who assisted in managing another person's incontinence spent at least 40 hours each week caring or supervising.
Changes in life expectancy and disability in Australia 1998 to 2009
This report shows that older Australians are living longer and, on average, getting more years of life without severe or profound limitation in basic daily activities. On the other hand, the ageing of the Australian population and increasing longevity are leading to a greater number of older people with disability and severe or profound activity limitation.
Palliative care services in Australia 2012
Palliative care services in Australia is the first in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Details from a range of data sources for 2009-10, and where available 2010-11, are presented, as are changes over time. There were almost 56,000 palliative care separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2009-10. Almost $3 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2010-11.
Dementia in Australia
In 2011, there were an estimated 298,000 people with dementia. This number is expected to increase markedly over time, with projections suggesting it will reach around 400,000 by 2020 and 900,000 by 2050. Dementia is a leading cause of death, accounting for 6% of all deaths in 2010. Total direct health and aged care services expenditure on people with dementia was at least $4.9 billion in 2009-10.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2010-11
In 2010-11, Australian governments spent $6.2 billion on a range of services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA). More than 314,000 people used disability support services provided under the NDA during this time, an increase of 7% from the previous year. Intellectual (30%), psychiatric (20%) and physical (17%) disabilities were the most common primary disabilities of service users. Most people needed some assistance in the activities of daily living (52%); independent living (60%); and work, education and community living (57%).
Younger people with disability in residential aged care: 2010-11
This bulletin presents data on the Younger People with Disability in Residential Aged Care (YPIRAC) initiative, which aims to reduce the number of people with disability aged under 65 who live in residential aged care. Between 2005-06 and 2010-11, an estimated 1,432 people have been helped, including 250 who have been moved out of residential aged care and into accommodation that better suits their situation, 244 who were successfully diverted away from entering residential aged care, and 456 who were provided with enhanced services while in residential aged care.
Disability support services 2009-10: report on services provided under the National Disability Agreement
Almost 300,000 people used services provided under the National Disability Agreement (NDA) in 2009-10, which accounted for nearly $5.8 billion of combined government expenditures.The number of disability service users rose by 47% between 2004-05 and 2009-10. The number of users of employment and respite services increased by 83% and 50%, respectively, over the same period. Of the nearly 2,300 disability service agencies operating in 2009-10, more than two-thirds were state or territory funded, the remaining being funded by the Australian Government.
The use of health services among Australians with disability
This bulletin is the second in a series about health of people with disability. It examines the use of health services among Australians with disabiilty based on national population health survey data.
Aussie men not taking action to manage their osteoporosis and osteoarthritis
Women are more likely than men to seek treatment for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, a new report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) has found.
Younger people with disability in residential aged care: update from the 2009-10 Minimum Data Set
This report presents data from the Younger People with Disability in Residential Aged Care (YPIRAC) program during its first four years of operation to 2009-10. An estimated 1,141 people aged less than 65 have been helped by the YPIRAC program over this time, including 139 people who have been moved out of residential aged care and into accommodation that better suits their situation, a further 207 who were successfully diverted away from entering residential aged care and over 400 people who were provided with enhanced services while in residential aged care.
A snapshot of osteoporosis in Australia 2011
This snapshot brings together the latest data on osteoporosis in Australia. The purpose of the snapshot is to provide the latest statistical information in a timely and efficient manner.
Disability support services 2008-09: Report on services provided under the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement and the National Disability Agreement
Disability support services 2008-09 reports on data collected as part of the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement National Minimum Data Set (CSTDA NMDS) between 1 July 2008 and 30 June 2009. The NMDS provides information on services funded under the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement to 30 December 2009 and its replacement, the National Disability Agreement from 1 January 2009. This report describes the service outlets and the uses of these services, including their support needs and informal carer arrangements.
Health of Australians with disability: health status and risk factors
This bulletin is the first in a series about health of Australians with disability. It examines how health problems affect health status of people with disability in Australia with a focus on prevalence and age at onset of some significant long term health conditions and relevant health risk factors and behaviours.
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