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Life expectancy and disability in Australia: expected years living with and without disability
Australians are living longer, and their state of health in these years has important implications for population health and wellbeing and for Australia’s health and care systems. Between 2003 and 2015, life expectancy at birth increased for both sexes, and most of this increase corresponded with an increase in years living free of disability and free of severe or profound core activity limitation. Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of years living free of disability.
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: New South Wales fact sheet
Individual state and territory fact sheets summarise information on Specialist homelessness services delivered in 2015–16 and provide a contextual basis to aid interpretation of the national data. Each fact sheet highlights jurisdictional-specific information about the clients of specialist homelessness agencies who were assisted in 2015–16, the services requested, the support received, and outcomes achieved. Fact sheets also present service use rates by priority groups compared with national data. To some extent, differences between states and territories in the numbers and types of homelessness services can reflect differences in service delivery models and their associated responses.These state and territory fact sheet complement jurisdictional infographics (On any given day) and supplementary data tables available through the Specialist homelessness services report 2015–16 (web report).
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: Northern Territory fact sheet
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: Queensland fact sheet
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: South Australia fact sheet
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: Victoria fact sheet
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: Tasmania fact sheet
Specialist homelessness services 2015–16: Western Australia fact sheet
Impacts of chronic back problems
Chronic back problems are common conditions in Australia (16% of the total population) and cause of disability (28% of the total population with disability) in Australia. Chronic back problems can have a strong negative effect on a person’s quality of life, affecting their ability to participate in daily activities, work, family and social activities. This bulletin provides the latest detailed information on the impacts (in terms of quality of life and disability) of chronic back problems in Australia.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2014–15
In 2014–15, around 333,800 people used disability support services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA), including around 1,900 who transitioned to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) during the year. Many (44%) had an intellectual or learning disability, more than half (52%) lived with their families, and close to one-third (30%) of those aged 15 and over were not in the labour force.
Health status and risk factors of Australians with disability 2007–08 and 2011–12
This report examines how health-related factors affect the health status of Australians with disability at the national population level. In 2011–12, half (51%) of people aged 15–64 with severe or profound disability reported poor or fair health, compared with 6% for those without disability. Half (50%) of people aged under 65 with severe or profound disability had mental health conditions, compared with 8% for those without disability. Higher proportions of people aged 15–64 with severe or profound disability compared with those without disability were obese (43% versus 25%), doing no physical exercise (46% versus 31%), daily smokers (31% versus 15%) and having a very high level of psychological distress (22% versus 1%).
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2013–14
In 2013–14, an estimated 321,531 people used disability support services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA), including 4,200 who transitioned to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) during the year. Over half (55%) of all NDA service users had an intellectual or learning disability and many needed at least some assistance in one or more of the three broad life areas—activities of daily living (68%), activities of independent living (82%), and activities of work, education and community living (86%).
Access to health services by Australians with disability 2012
In 2012, 17% of people with disability who needed to see a GP delayed or did not go because of the cost; 20% who needed to see a medical specialist did not go mainly due to the cost; and 67% who needed to see a dentist delayed seeing or did not go because of the cost. Compared with people with disability living in Major cities, people with disability living in Outer regional and Remote areas had lower use rates of services provided by GPs, medical specialists and dentists as well as coordinated care provided by different types of health professionals. They were more likely to visit a hospital emergency department for health issues that could potentially be dealt with by non-hospital services, and to face barriers to accessing health services.
Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012
Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2012-13
In 2012–13, Australian governments spent $7.2 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement. More than 312,500 people used services during this time. The most common services users were people with intellectual, physical and psychiatric disabilities.
People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11: technical report
This report describes the linkage process used to identify the extent of joint use of Disability Services and the Home and Community Care program. The methods used to derive analysis variables are also described. Under one-fifth of Disability Service users also used HACC in 2010-11. The analysis of joint program use is presented in the companion report People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care 2010–11.
People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11
This report examines the characteristics and service use of people who accessed both Disability Services and Home and Community Care programs. In 2010–11 around 54,800 people were known to have used both programs, and the majority of these people were aged under 65 (89%). The report found that people using both programs required higher, more complex and diverse supports, and relied on a wide range of complementary services from both programs to support their distinct support needs.
Diabetes and disability: impairments, activity limitations, participation restrictions and comorbidities
The report examines the association between diabetes and disability in Australia using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers 2009. People with diabetes were twice as likely to have a disability (39% compared with 17%) and almost 3 times as likely to have a severe or profound limitation (14% compared with 5%) than people without diabetes. Among working-age people with diabetes and disability, 40% said they were permanently unable to work compared with 20% of people with a disability who did not have diabetes.People with diabetes reported higher rates of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, depression, vision loss and kidney related disorders than people without diabetes.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2011-12
In 2011–12, Australian governments spent $6.9 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement—an increase of 10% from the previous year. More than 317,600 people used services during this time—an increase of 1% from the previous year. The most common services users were people with intellectual, physical and psychiatric disabilities.
Incontinence in Australia
This report details the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It includes estimates of prevalence rates and total expenditure on incontinence, as well as the number of primary carers of people suffering from the condition. It also updates data development since the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's 2006 incontinence report.
Incontinence in Australia: prevalence, experience and cost
This bulletin reports on the number of people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. It also presents information on prevalence rates and how much was spent on incontinence (excluding residential aged care costs) in 2008-09. There were an estimated 316,500 people suffering from severe incontinence in 2009, most of whom were female (66%). As well, 73% of primary carers who assisted in managing another person's incontinence spent at least 40 hours each week caring or supervising.
Changes in life expectancy and disability in Australia 1998 to 2009
This report shows that older Australians are living longer and, on average, getting more years of life without severe or profound limitation in basic daily activities. On the other hand, the ageing of the Australian population and increasing longevity are leading to a greater number of older people with disability and severe or profound activity limitation.
Palliative care services in Australia 2012
Palliative care services in Australia is the first in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Details from a range of data sources for 2009-10, and where available 2010-11, are presented, as are changes over time. There were almost 56,000 palliative care separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2009-10. Almost $3 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2010-11.
Dementia in Australia
In 2011, there were an estimated 298,000 people with dementia. This number is expected to increase markedly over time, with projections suggesting it will reach around 400,000 by 2020 and 900,000 by 2050. Dementia is a leading cause of death, accounting for 6% of all deaths in 2010. Total direct health and aged care services expenditure on people with dementia was at least $4.9 billion in 2009-10.
Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2010-11
In 2010-11, Australian governments spent $6.2 billion on a range of services under the National Disability Agreement (NDA). More than 314,000 people used disability support services provided under the NDA during this time, an increase of 7% from the previous year. Intellectual (30%), psychiatric (20%) and physical (17%) disabilities were the most common primary disabilities of service users. Most people needed some assistance in the activities of daily living (52%); independent living (60%); and work, education and community living (57%).
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