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Back problems: musculoskeletal fact sheet
This fact sheet summarises information from the AIHW's online musculoskeletal compendium.
Health expenditure Australia 2012–13: analysis by sector
This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2012–13 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services. In 2012–13, $55.9 billion was spent on hospitals in Australia, $52.9 billion on primary health care and $29.9 billion on other areas of health spending. A further $8.6 billion was spent on capital expenditure. All funders increased their expenditure on hospitals between 2002–03 and 2012–13; however, growth in state and territory government funding ($10.6 billion) was almost double that of the Australian Government ($5.4 billion). Primary health care spending is shared relatively evenly between Australian Government (about 43.0%) and non-government sources (about 41.0%), with the states and territories playing a relatively small role, over the same period.
Health expenditure Australia 2012-13
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $147.4 billion in 2012–13, 1.5% higher than in 2011–12 and the lowest growth since the mid 1980’s. In 2012–13, governments provided $100.8 billion (or 68.3%) of total health expenditure. Government funding of health expenditure fell in real terms for the first time in the decade by 0.9%, largely a result of a decline in Australian Government funding of 2.4%. State and territory government funding was also relatively low, growing just 1.4% in real terms in 2012–13. In contrast, growth in non-government funding was relatively strong at 7.2%.
Health-care expenditure on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions 2008-09
Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are substantial contributors to health-care expenditure in Australia. In 2008–09, estimated health-care expenditure allocated to these conditions totalled $5,690 million– the 4th most expensive disease group, accounting for 8.7% of total health-care expenditure allocated to disease groups.This report is the latest in a series on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions expenditure. The key objectives of this report are to describe the distribution of health-care expenditure by health-care sector for the major musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back problems and osteoporosis.
Health expenditure Australia 2011-12: analysis by sector
This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2011-12 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services, including hospitals, primary health care, other recurrent health expenditure and capital expenditure. In 2011-12, a total of $132.4 billion was spent on recurrent health expenditure where 40.4% ($53.5 billion) was spent on hospitals, 38.2% ($50.6 billion) was spent on primary health care and the remaining 21.3% ($28.3 billion) was spent on other areas of health spending. Capital expenditure accounted for a further $7.9 billion bringing the total expenditure on health goods and services in 2011-12 to $140.2 billion.
Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2008-09
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) makes a considerable impact on the health of Australians and has the highest level of health-care expenditure of any disease group.Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to CVD increased by 48% from $5,207 million to $7,717 million.The health-care sector with the largest increase (55%) was hospital admitted patients.
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia 2008-09
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia, 2008-09 presents an overview of cancer expenditure focusing on the six cancers with the highest health system expenditure in each of four life stages 0-14, 15-24, 25-64 and 65 years and over. Findings include: Cancer and other neoplasms ranked sixth in terms of estimated health system expenditure on chronic diseases, accounting for 6.9% of total health system expenditure on all chronic diseases. Expenditure on national population screening programs totalled $332 million. From 2000-01 to 2008-09, total health system expenditure on cancer increased by 56% from $2,894 million to $4,526 million.
Health expenditure Australia 2011-12
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $140.2 billion in 2011-12, up from $82.9 billion in 2001-02. This expenditure was 9.5% of GDP in 2011-12, up from 9.3% in 2010-11 and up from 8.4% in 2001-02. The estimated recurrent expenditure on health was $5,881 per person. Governments funded 69.7% of total health expenditure, a slight increase from 69.1% in 2010-11. The largest components of health spending were public hospital services ($42.0 billion, or 31.8% of recurrent expenditure), followed by medical services ($23.9 billion, or 18.1%) and medications ($18.8 billion, or 14.2%).
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010-11: an analysis by remoteness and disease
This report provides a detailed analysis of health expenditure for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in 2010-11. Estimates are disaggregated at the regional level, as well as for specific disease and injury groups. For selected services, expenditure increased with remoteness for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The disease groups that accounted for the highest proportion of admitted patient expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were genitourinary diseases ($195 million or 11% of Indigenous admitted patient expenditure), which includes the cost of dialysis treatment.
Diabetes expenditure in Australia 2008-09
Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to diabetes increased by 86% from $811 million to $1,507 million.The health-care sector where the largest increase took place was hospital admitted patients for which expenditure more than doubled in this period. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 60% of diabetes expenditure in 2008-09.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010-11
In 2010-11, health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was estimated at $4.6 billion, or 3.7% of Australia's total recurrent health expenditure. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population comprised 2.5% of the Australian population at this time. Expenditure equated to $7,995 per Indigenous person, which was 1.47 times greater than the $5,437 spent per non-Indigenous Australian in the same year. Governments funded 91.4% of health expenditure for Indigenous people, compared with 68.1% for non-Indigenous people.
Health expenditure Australia 2010-11
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $130.3 billion in 2010-11, up from $77.5 billion in 2000-01. This expenditure was 9.3% of gross domestic product in 2010-11, down from 9.4% in 2009-10 but up from 8.2% in 2000-01. The estimated recurrent expenditure on health was $5,796 per person, and 69.1% was funded by governments, up from 67.7% in 2000-01. The two largest components of the increase in health expenditure were public hospital services, which grew by $2.2 billion in real terms, followed by medications ($2.1 billion).
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008-09: an analysis by remoteness and disease
In 2008-09, health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people varied across remoteness areas, service types and disease groupings. The greatest difference in expenditure between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians was in Remote and very remote areas where, for every dollar spent per non-Indigenous Australian, $2.41 was spent per Indigenous Australian. Expenditure on genitourinary diseases, and mental and behavioural disorders, accounted for the highest proportions of admitted patient expenditure for Indigenous Australians (11% and 10% respectively). Additional analysis has been undertaken in the 2008-09 report to include expenditure on potentially preventable hospitalisations.
Health expenditure Australia 2009-10
Health expenditure in Australia in 2009-10 increased to $121.4 billion. As a percentage of GDP it was 9.4% of the GDP, 0.4% higher than in 2008-09. Public hospital services accounted for under one-third (31%) of the total increase in 2009-10, while medications accounted for over one-fifth (21%) of the total growth. 2009-10 marks the first year of the transition to the National Health Care Agreement, a new health care funding arrangement between the Australian government and state and territory governments.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008-09
In 2008-09, total health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was estimated at $3,700 million. The average health expenditure per person for Indigenous Australians was $6,787, compared with $4,876 for each non-Indigenous Australian. Correspondingly, the Indigenous to non-Indigenous per person health expenditure ratio was 1.39. This report, the sixth in the series, again shows that Indigenous Australians are more likely than non-Indigenous Australians to rely on public hospital services. In 2008-09, per person expenditure on public hospital services for Indigenous Australians was more than double that for non-Indigenous Australians - an expenditure ratio of 2.25.
Public health expenditure in Australia, 2008-09
Since the first public health expenditure report in 1999-00, expenditure on public health activities by health departments has grown, in real terms, by 88%. Total expenditure on public health activities in Australia in 2008–09 was $2,300.2 million. This was an increase of $120.5 million, or 5.5%, on what was spent in 2007–08, raising the 2008–09 per person expenditure to $106. After adjusting for the effects of inflation, there was a real increase in per person expenditure of 2.2% from 2007–08 to 2008–09, continuing the growth in total public health expenditure which has averaged 7.3% per year since 1999–00.
Australian health expenditure by remoteness: a comparison of remote, regional and city health expenditure
The report looks at selected health services for the financial years 2001-02, 2004-05 and 2006-07 and examines the way these services were delivered across Australia. This analysis was performed using the Australian Standard Geographical Classification System to compare the expenditure and usage rates of the health services by residents of Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote and Very remote areas of Australia.
Health expenditure Australia 2008-09
Health expenditure in Australia in 2008-09 reached $112.8 billion, an increase of $9.2 billion since 2007-08. The area of health expenditure with the largest increase was public hospital services, which accounted for over one-quarter of the total increase in 2008-09. 'Health expenditure Australia 2008-09' examines expenditure on different types of health goods and services in the decade to 2008-09. The report: describes funding by the Australian Government and state governments, private health insurance and individuals; compares health expenditures in the different states and territories; compares Australia's spending with other countries'.
Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia, 2004-05
Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia, 2004-05 provides a systematic analysis of health system expenditures associated with specific disease and injury groups in Australia in 2004-05. Expenditure on cardiovascular disease is compared with expenditure on cancer, injuries, nervous system disorders and other diseases. Health expenditure for each age group ranges from $2,223 per year for girls/boys aged 5 to 14 years to $8,030 per year for women/men aged 75 to 84 years. This report also discusses the changes in expenditure by disease between 2000-01 and 2004-05.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2006-07
Expenditure on health and high care residential aged care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people amounted to $2,976 million in 2006-07, or 3.1% of national expenditure on health and high care residential aged care. In 2006-07, the average expenditure per person on health and high care residential aged care was $5,696 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. For non-Indigenous people, the average expenditure per person was $4,557. The ratio of Indigenous to non-Indigenous expenditure per person was 1.25. For the Australian Government schemes of Medicare and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS), total benefits paid per Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander person were 59% of the amount spent on non-Indigenous people. Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2006-07 provides policy makers and program managers with detailed information for further analysis.
Health expenditure for arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions, 2004-05
Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions affect more than 6 million Australians. In 2004-05, direct health expenditure on these conditions amounted to $4.0 billion or 7.5% of total allocated health expenditure in Australia. Osteoarthritis alone accounted for nearly one-third of the expenditure, mostly due to hospital costs associated with knee and hip replacements. Other major sources of expenditure included prescription pharmaceuticals for osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. This report provides detailed information on health expenditure on these diseases and conditions using estimates derived from the AIHW Disease expenditure database, supported by information from various other data sources.
Health care expenditure on chronic kidney disease in Australia 2004-05
Chronic kidney disease is a common and serious problem in Australia. Those with the most severe form, end-stage kidney disease, usually require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. It is with these resource intensive and technologically advanced treatments that much of the health costs for chronic kidney disease are incurred, with regular dialysis the most common reason for hospitalisation in Australia.Chronic kidney disease contributes substantially to health care expenditure in Australia and is increasing much faster than expenditure on total health care. In 2004-05 it accounted for 1.7% of total expenditure ($898.7 million), an increase of 33% since 2000-01 ($573.6 million).
Estimating the impact of selected National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) reforms on health care expenditure, 2003 to 2033
To give an indication of the medium- to long-term effects of certain proposed National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) reforms on growth in health expenditures, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare developed estimates of the expenditure effects of selected reform proposals.
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1996-97 to 2006-07. It shows that Australia spent over $ 94.0 billion on health in 2006-07, an estimated rise of $7.3 billion since 2005-06. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding (Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector). This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia.
Welfare expenditure Australia 2005-06
'Welfare expenditure Australia' 2005-06 provides estimates of welfare expenditure in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2005-06. Welfare expenditure comprises cash payments and expenditure for services specifically directed to families and children, older people, people with disabilities, and other groups such as widows, refugees and migrants. In 2005-06 this expenditure totalled $90 billion, $61 billion being for cash benefits and the remaining $29 billion for welfare services. Funding of welfare services by the eight state and territory governments are compared. This publication also contains estimates of social tax expenditures by the Australian Government and a special chapter on residential aged care expenditure. This report is an important reference for policy makers and those working in the community services sector.
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