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Maternal deaths in Australia 2006-2010
Maternal deaths in Australia 2006–10 is the 15th report on women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Although maternal deaths are rare in Australia, they are catastrophic events when they do occur and require monitoring and investigation. The report includes information about the women, pregnancy, and cause of death as well as good practice guidance points for clinicians to inform practice improvement.
Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers
Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers provides an overview of the birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers, including recent trends and information on factors associated with birthweight variation. According to data from the National Perinatal Data Collection, 3.9% of all births in 2011 were to Indigenous mothers. Excluding multiple births, 11.2% of liveborn singleton babies born to Indigenous mothers were of low birthweight—2.5 times the rate for non-Indigenous mothers (4.6%). Between 2000 and 2011, there was a statistically significant decline in the low birthweight rate among Indigenous mothers, and the gap in birthweight between babies born to Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers declined significantly over this period.
Pathways through youth justice supervision
Pathways through youth justice supervision explores the types of youth justice supervision experienced by particular cohorts of young people based on data available from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS) from 2000–01 to 2012–13. The report found that the top 10 pathways accounted for nearly three quarters (71%) of young people who experienced supervision. It also found that young males, young Indigenous people, those aged 10–14 at first supervision and those experiencing sentenced detention at some point were more likely than their counterparts to have more complex and varied pathways through supervision.
Child protection Australia 2012-13
Child protection Australia 2012–13 represents a significant milestone in national child protection reporting as it is the first time that unit record level data have been available for analysis and reporting. This report shows that:- there were 135,000 children, a rate of 26.1 per 1,000 children, receiving child protection services (investigation; care and protection order; and/or placed in out-of-home care).- more than half (56%) of these children were subject only to an investigation (that is, they were not subsequently placed on an order or in out-of-home care) while 8% were involved in all three components of the system.- in 2012–13, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 8 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.
Indigenous child safety
Indigenous children are over represented in areas where child safety and security are compromised. This report shows that Indigenous children aged 0–17 have higher rates of hospitalisations and deaths due to injury than non Indigenous children; are more likely to be victims of child abuse, neglect and sexual assault; and are over represented in homelessness and youth justice statistics.
Child social exclusion and health outcomes: a study of small areas across Australia
This bulletin examines the association between the risk of child social exclusion and children’s health outcomes in Australia at the small-area level. The results show that Australian children living in areas with a relatively high risk of social exclusion also experience relatively poor health outcomes. As the risk of child social exclusion increases, so do the rates of both potentially preventable hospitalisations and avoidable deaths.
Youth justice in Australia 2012-13
Around 6,300 young people were under youth justice supervision in Australia on an average day in 2012-13, due to their involvement, or alleged involvement, in crime. Of these, over 4 in 5 (5,300 young people) were supervised in the community and the remaining 1,000 were in detention. Young people spent, on average, 26 weeks under supervision during the year.
Australian Capital Territory: youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in the Australian Capital Territory during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
New South Wales: youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in New South Wales during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
Queensland: youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Queensland during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
South Australia: overview of youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in South Australia during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
Tasmania: youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Tasmania during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
Victoria: youth justice supervision in 2012–13
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.
Mapping of children and youth indicator reporting frameworks
This report provides an overview of the purpose, scope and reporting status of 6 national frameworks, 4 National Agreements and 5 National Partnership Agreements that are relevant to children and/or youth. Indicators from the frameworks and Agreements are mapped across 6 broad domains to identify critical indicators of shared relevance, and those that are unique to a particular framework or Agreement. Recommendations are provided on how reporting on Australian children and youth could be streamlined to ensure a sustainable approach to data development, data collection and reporting.
Australia's mothers and babies 2011
In 2011, 297,126 women gave birth to 301,810 babies in Australia. This was an increase of 2,247 births (0.8%) than reported in 2010, and a total increase of 18.3% since 2002. Nationally, the proportion of teenage mothers (younger than 20) declined from 3.9% in 2010 to 3.7% in 2011, compared with 4.9% in 2002.
Adoptions Australia 2012-13
This report contains comprehensive information on adoptions in Australia, including the characteristics of adopted children, adoptive families and birth mothers. It also reports on the processing times for intercountry adoption, as well as on applications and vetoes lodged by parties to adoptions concerning contact and information exchange. During 2012-13, there were 339 finalised adoptions across Australia. Among these adoptions:46% were 'known' child adoptions, 38% were intercountry, and 16% were local 84% of intercountry adoptees came from Asia52% of 'known' adoptions were by carers, such as foster parents51% of adopted children were aged under 5.
Youth detention population in Australia 2013
This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2009 to June 2013. On an average night, there were about 1,000 young people in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years nationally; however, this trend varied between different states and territories. Around half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.
Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure juvenile recidivism
This report reviewed results and recommendations of a project exploring youth recidivism, including to determining whether youth recidivism could be analysed using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS). There are substantial benefits in using a longitudinal data collection such as the JJ NMDS, but also some limitations. Preliminary data analysed showed that nationally, over two-fifths (43%) of young people with sentenced supervision in 2010-11 had returned to sentenced supervision within 1 year, while over three-fifths (63%) of those with sentenced supervision in 2009-10 had returned to sentenced supervision within 2 years.
Development of an ongoing national data collection on the educational outcomes of children in child protection services: a working paper
Improving the educational outcomes of children involved in statutory child protection services has been a high priority for Australian governments in recent years. This working paper provides an overview of a proposed national linked dataset on the educational activity and outcomes of children while in child protection services, to allow ongoing and longitudinal monitoring of the academic progress, and to better inform policy, practice and planning of activities to support these children. National linkage of multiple administrative data sources is proposed, with the aim of capturing a variety of data across the primary and secondary schooling years.
Smoking and quitting smoking among prisoners 2012
This bulletin presents results from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection, focusing on smoking and smoking cessation behaviours of prisoners in Australia. In 2012, 84% of prison entrants were current smokers, which is around 5 times the proportion of the general community. Quitting smoking in prison is difficult: 35% of prisoners who were about to be released tried to quit during their time in prison, but only 8% were successful.
Monitoring asthma in pregnancy: a discussion paper
Asthma in pregnant women may have adverse effects on maternal, fetal and infant outcomes, particularly if expectant mothers experience an exacerbation of asthma while pregnant. Pregnancy, in turn, may have adverse effects on asthma control among expectant mothers. This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring asthma during pregnancy by capitalising on existing data sources as well as identifying data development opportunities.
Scoping reportable measures for the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020: supporting outcome 1
This working paper provides an overview of the work that AIHW completed for the Standing Council on Community and Disability Services Advisory Council in relation to the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children (NFPAC). Based on targeted literature and extensive data source reviews, coupled with analyses of the aims and underlying logic, this paper outlines recommendations for new indicators and options for future reporting against supporting outcome 1 of the NFPAC.
Victoria: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria during 2011-12.
South Australia: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in South Australia during 2011-12.
Youth justice supervision history: 2011-12
This fact sheet explores the supervision history of the young people who were under youth justice supervision during 2011-12.
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