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Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure juvenile recidivism
This report reviewed results and recommendations of a project exploring youth recidivism, including to determining whether youth recidivism could be analysed using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS). There are substantial benefits in using a longitudinal data collection such as the JJ NMDS, but also some limitations. Preliminary data analysed showed that nationally, over two-fifths (43%) of young people with sentenced supervision in 2010-11 had returned to sentenced supervision within 1 year, while over three-fifths (63%) of those with sentenced supervision in 2009-10 had returned to sentenced supervision within 2 years.
Development of an ongoing national data collection on the educational outcomes of children in child protection services: a working paper
Improving the educational outcomes of children involved in statutory child protection services has been a high priority for Australian governments in recent years. This working paper provides an overview of a proposed national linked dataset on the educational activity and outcomes of children while in child protection services, to allow ongoing and longitudinal monitoring of the academic progress, and to better inform policy, practice and planning of activities to support these children. National linkage of multiple administrative data sources is proposed, with the aim of capturing a variety of data across the primary and secondary schooling years.
Smoking and quitting smoking among prisoners 2012
This bulletin presents results from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection, focusing on smoking and smoking cessation behaviours of prisoners in Australia. In 2012, 84% of prison entrants were current smokers, which is around 5 times the proportion of the general community. Quitting smoking in prison is difficult: 35% of prisoners who were about to be released tried to quit during their time in prison, but only 8% were successful.
Monitoring asthma in pregnancy: a discussion paper
Asthma in pregnant women may have adverse effects on maternal, fetal and infant outcomes, particularly if expectant mothers experience an exacerbation of asthma while pregnant. Pregnancy, in turn, may have adverse effects on asthma control among expectant mothers. This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring asthma during pregnancy by capitalising on existing data sources as well as identifying data development opportunities.
Scoping reportable measures for the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020: supporting outcome 1
This working paper provides an overview of the work that AIHW completed for the Standing Council on Community and Disability Services Advisory Council in relation to the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children (NFPAC). Based on targeted literature and extensive data source reviews, coupled with analyses of the aims and underlying logic, this paper outlines recommendations for new indicators and options for future reporting against supporting outcome 1 of the NFPAC.
Victoria: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria during 2011-12.
South Australia: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in South Australia during 2011-12.
Youth justice supervision history: 2011-12
This fact sheet explores the supervision history of the young people who were under youth justice supervision during 2011-12.
Tasmania: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Tasmania during 2011-12.
First entry to supervision: 2011-12
This fact sheet provides information about the first entry to youth justice supervision among young people who were supervised during 2011-12.
Comparisons between the youth and adult justice systems: 2011-12
This fact sheet summarises the key similarities and differences between young people and adults in the justice systems in Australia.
Comparisons between Australian and international youth justice systems: 2011-12
This fact sheet examines Australian and international approaches to youth justice.
Australian Capital Territory: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12
This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in the Australian Capital Territory during 2011-12.
Remoteness area and socioeconomic status: 2011-12
This fact sheet provides information about the remoteness area and socioeconomic status of the last known address of young people under supervision during 2011-12.
National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020: technical paper on operational definitions and data issues for key national indicators
This technical paper specifies the operational definitions and primary data sources for the key national indicators under the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020. It outlines the best currently available data sources for the key national indicators that the AIHW has identified, in conjunction with the National Framework Implementation Working Group. It comments on data gaps and limitations, particularly inconsistencies between indicator (ideal) definitions and existing data definitions.
The health of Australia's males: from birth to young adulthood (0-24 years)
This report is the third in a series on the health of Australia's males, and focuses on health conditions and risk factors that are age-specific (such as congenital anomalies) and those where large sex differences are observed (such as injury).Findings include:- Male babies born in 2009-2011 can expect to live to the age of 79.7, nearly 5 years less than female babies born the same year (84.2).- While males aged 0-24 are more likely to be hospitalised or die from injury than females of the same age, they are similarly likely to be overweight or obese and less likely to smoke tobacco daily.
Young people aged 10-14 in the youth justice system 2011-12
Despite being a relatively small group, research indicates that young people aged 10-14 in the youth justice system are at risk of becoming chronic, long-term offenders. Data show that most (85%) young people born in 1993-94 who were supervised at age 10-14 returned to (or continued under) supervision when they were 15-17. They were more likely than those first supervised at older ages to experience all types of supervision when 15-17, and spent more time in total under supervision.
Child and teenager oral health and dental visiting: results from the National Dental Telephone Interview Survey 2010
This publication describes the self-reported oral health and dental visiting patterns of Australian children and teenagers in 2010 as well as trends between 1994 and 2010.While the majority of children and teenagers reported good oral health and had made a dental visit in the previous 12 months, almost 30% experienced at least one financial barrier or burden associated with dental care. Lower rates of dental visiting and greater experience of poor oral health, financial barriers or hardship, and barriers to dental care were all more evident among those from lower income households than those from higher income households.
Youth justice orders and supervision periods: 2011-12
In 2011-12, the 11,370 young people under youth justice supervision were supervised under a total of 57,470 community-based and detention orders. They experienced 14,598 periods of supervision, or about 1.3 periods per person, on average. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2011-12.
Time under youth justice supervision: 2011-12
The median length of youth justice supervision periods completed in 2011-12 was about 11 weeks. When all periods are considered, young people spent an average of about 26 weeks, or 6 months, under youth justice supervision during the year. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2011-12.
Long-term trends in youth justice supervision: 2011-12
Over the 6 years from 2006-07 to 2011-12, rates of young people aged 10-17 under youth justice supervision on an average day increased from 23 to 26 young people per 10,000. However, trends varied among the states and territories. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2011-12.
Types of community-based supervision: 2011-12
On an average day in 2011-12, most (79%) young people under community-based youth justice supervision were serving a probation order, or an order similar to probation. About 14% were serving unsentenced orders. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2011-12.
Unsentenced detention: 2011–12
Just over half (54%) of young people in detention on an average day in 2011-12 were unsentenced-that is, awaiting the outcome of their court matter or sentencing. The median duration of completed periods of unsentenced detention was 4 days. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2011-12.
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