• Print

There has been significant progress in the availability and quality of statistical information on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples over the last decade in Australia. Considerable effort has been devoted to enumerating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples more accurately through the Census. In addition, specific surveys of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are being conducted regularly to address gaps in health and welfare information and allow for monitoring of changes over time. There are also a number of ongoing programs and strategies to develop more consistent and complete Indigenous identification across administrative data sets.

Although the incomplete recording of Indigenous status in administrative records and the experimental nature of Indigenous Australian population estimates remain barriers to the production of a true picture of Indigenous health and welfare in Australia, the available evidence suggests that Indigenous people continue to suffer a greater burden of ill health than the rest of the population.