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Due to the multiple disadvantages that many Indigenous Australians experience in the housing market, they are a priority group for, or target of, many housing assistance services.
Housing assistance aims to relieve the pressures of housing costs, and provide safe and secure housing for many low-income households, particularly those who are disadvantaged or vulnerable. Housing assistance can comprise:
Social housing is one of the major forms of housing assistance provided to Australian households. It is rental housing provided by state and territory governments and by community sectors to assist people who are unable to access suitable accommodation in the private rental market. Rents in such housing are usually set at below-market rates and are generally based on the tenant’s income.
There are four main social housing programs operating in Australia. Two of the programs are ‘mainstream’ programs available to all Australians:
The other two are specifically targeted at Indigenous Australians:
These programs provide housing to about 418,800 Australian households.
Note: Figure includes the estimated number of NT remote public housing dwellings that are not captured in the social housing administrative collections (see Section 2.2 of paper for more details).
Available data suggest that in June 2013, Indigenous households were more than twice as likely as other households to have received support from at least one of the major housing assistance programs (that is, CRA and social housing programs). Between 43% and 46% of Indigenous households were estimated to have received such support, compared with 18% of other households.
Housing assistance for Indigenous Australians provides information on support provided to Indigenous households through a range of housing assistance programs—both mainstream and Indigenous-specific. Information is provided on the use of the following types of housing assistance programs: public housing; mainstream community housing; Commonwealth Rent Assistance; private rent assistance; home purchase assistance; the National Rental Affordability Scheme; state owned and managed Indigenous housing; Indigenous community housing; and the Indigenous Home Ownership program.