AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public consultation Public Interest Disclosure Strategic Directions 2011-2014 Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publicationsOnline reportsRate our publication effectivenessSubscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject Catalogue of holdings of AIHW data Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subjectAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Chronic disease indicators Data sources for monitoring health conditionsDeaths Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General practice (GP) data Height and weight data sources Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity
Mental health National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National indicator catalogue Perinatal data Risk factors statistics Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee AODTS NMDS WG CKDMAC CMAG CSDWG CVDMAC HEAC HHIMG
IGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC NAGATSIHID NCIAG NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDD
NMDS NMHPSC NOPSAD NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees YIAG
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Worksheets by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Media FAQ Media contacts
You are here:
The report, Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, shows that about half of Indigenous Australians smoke regularly, about two and a half times the rate of non-Indigenous Australians.
However, the rate of smoking has dropped from 53% to about 50% between 2002 and 2008.
‘More than half of Indigenous mothers (51%) continue to smoke during pregnancy, a rate that remained steady between 2001 and 2008,’ said report co-author Helen Johnstone.
The report found that a greater proportion of Indigenous Australians abstain from drinking alcohol than their non-Indigenous counterparts.
’In 2008, 29% of Indigenous Australians did not drink alcohol in the previous 12 months—almost double the rate of non-Indigenous Australians,’ Ms Johnstone said.
‘In addition, the proportion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians who were long-term, risky or high risk drinkers was similar—15% and 14% respectively.
‘However, the rate of binge drinking is a concern. In 2004-05, Indigenous Australians were more than twice as likely as non-Indigenous Australians to binge drink—17% and 8% respectively.’
Indigenous people died from alcohol-related causes at 5 times the rate of non-Indigenous people.
The report also examines illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
‘About one quarter of Indigenous Australians reported having used an illicit substance in the last 12 months, a rate that remained stable between 2002 and 2008,’ Ms Johnstone said.
Marijuana was the most common substance used (17%), followed by non-medicinal use of pain-killers/analgesics (5%), and amphetamines or speed (5%).
Tobacco smoking was the main risk factor contributing to the disease burden in the Indigenous population, but alcohol use was the most common cause of hospitalisations due to substance use.
‘Substance use is a significant contributor to the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in terms of life expectancy and overall health,’ Ms Johnstone said.
Canberra, 8 February 2011
Further information: Ms Helen Johnstone, tel. (02) 6244 1259, mob. 0418 271 395
For media copies of the report: Publications Officer 02 6244 1032
Full report: Substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people .