AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public consultation Public Interest Disclosure Strategic Directions 2011-2014 Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publicationsOnline reportsRate our publication effectivenessSubscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular health Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject Catalogue of holdings of AIHW data Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subject Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Chronic disease indicators Deaths Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General practice (GP) data Height and weight data sources Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity
Mental health National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National indicator catalogue Perinatal data Risk factors statistics Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee AODTS NMDS WG CKDMAC CMAG CSDWG CVDMAC HEAC HHIMG
IGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC NAGATSIHID NCIAG NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDD
NMDS NMHPSC NOPSAD NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees YIAG
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Worksheets by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Media FAQ Media contacts
You are here:
Australia spent $137 billion on welfare in 2008–09 (excluding unemployment benefits)—more than its $113 billion spending on health in that year. This was driven by a changing and complex society and the short term impact of the Australian Government’s response to the global financial crisis, according to the latest report on the nation’s welfare by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
Of the total welfare spend, $94 billion was for direct cash payments to citizens, with 72% of cash payments ($68 billion) being directed to families and older Australians.
The biennial report, Australia’s welfare 2011, presents the latest national statistics on welfare services and factors influencing wellbeing in Australia. It was launched in Canberra by the Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, Jenny Macklin.
AIHW Director and CEO David Kalisch said that while Australians generally enjoy a good standard of living, several features of our society require the delivery of services to support those not doing so well.
‘Australia’s ageing population, its shifting geographic profile, changing workforce and education patterns, and developing trends in family structure, have all contributed to an ever-changing, varied, and complex society—one with welfare needs as diverse as its people’, Mr Kalisch said.
‘Population ageing is expected to continue over the next two decades as the proportion of people aged over 65 is projected to rise from its current level of around 1 in 7 to 1 in 5.
‘An ageing population can lead to different patterns of work. We are already seeing that older people are staying in the workforce in increasing numbers—in 2010–11, 62% of men and 44% of women aged 60–64 were still working.
‘But even though we have new figures in our report showing that we are living 2–3 more years without disability than just over a decade ago, the number of years lived with a disability has remained constant. An ageing population is likely to lead to more disability overall, pointing to a greater need for informal carers as well as for formal aged care services.
‘We also have the situation that many informal carers are themselves ageing, with 60% of primary carers aged over 55’, Mr Kalisch said.
The report shows housing presenting particular challenges, with affordability falling over the last 10 years. Between 2001 and 2011, median house prices rose by 147% while median household disposable income rose by 57%. These affordability issues flow on to the private rental market, which in turn can present difficulties for low income households.
Between 1995 and 2010 home ownership (with and without a mortgage) fell slightly from 72% to 69%, and private rentals rose from 18% to 24% of all households. Social housing made up the balance, with around 400,000 dwellings occupied in June 2010, and around 250,000 applicants waiting for allocations or transfers within the social housing system.
‘Yet, the average number of bedrooms per dwelling has risen over the last 30 years from 2.8 to 3.1, while the average number of residents per household has fallen from 3.1 to 2.6, and couples without children is the fastest-growing family type’, Mr Kalisch said.
‘Meanwhile, despite popular belief, marriage rates are steady and divorce rates are down slightly, although people are marrying later (31.5 is the median marrying age for men, 29.2 for women).
‘And, confirming popular belief, children are staying at home longer, with 10% of children living with their families in 2009–10 being aged over 25, up from 7% in 1997, just 13 years earlier.’
Australia’s welfare 2011 shows that despite an overall high quality of life in Australia by many measures of wellbeing, certain population groups continue to be disadvantaged, particularly groups with relatively low rates of employment, and/or low educational attainment levels.
These include Indigenous Australians, people outside capital cities, people with disability and their carers, lone parents, social housing tenants and recent migrants.
‘The good news, however, is that for many people poverty is not long-term’, Mr Kalisch said.
Around 1 in 3 people could be classified as being poor at some point between 2001 and 2008, that is, they had an income less than half of the national median. But for the majority, poverty lasted 1–2 years. Just over 2% of the population experienced persistent poverty throughout the entire period.’
Other Australia’s welfare 2011 highlights include:
Canberra, 22 November 2011
Further information: Jess Cumming: (02) 6249 5033 or 0401 769 793
Elizabeth Ingram: (02) 6249 5048 or 0431 871 337
For media copies of the report: Publications Officer 02 6244 1032