AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration AIHW corporate plan 2016–17 to 2019–20 Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public consultation Public Interest Disclosure Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health care Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publications Online reports Rate our publication effectivenessSubscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs AIHW annual reports Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health carePrisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject Catalogue of holdings of AIHW data Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subjectAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Child protection Chronic disease indicators Data sources for monitoring health conditionsDeaths Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books Height and weight data sources Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity Mental health Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse
National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National framework for protecting Australia’s children (NFPAC) National indicator catalogue National Youth Information Framework (NYIF) Perinatal data Primary Health Network (PHN) Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee AODTS NMDS WG CKDMAC CMAG CVDMAC HEAC
IGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC NAGATSIHID NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDD
NMDS NMHPSC NOPSAD NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Resources by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Embargoed access to AIHW material Media contacts
You are here:
The use, treatment and availability of 'ice' have increased, according to a report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
'Ice' is the crystal form of methylamphetamine, and is more commonly smoked, however can also be injected, snorted or swallowed.
The report, Trends in methylamphetamine availability, use and treatment 2003-04 to 2013-14, shows that the number of new meth/amphetamine users (including methylamphetamine and amphetamine users) who mainly use 'ice' has increased.
'The proportion of new meth/amphetamine users opting for 'ice', rather than other forms of the drug (for example powder), increased from 26% in 2007, to 43% in 2013, ' said AIHW spokesperson Geoff Neideck.
Treatment episodes for people who smoke amphetamines (including methylamphetamines) increased from 3.4% in 2003-04 to 41% in 2013-14. While over the same period, the proportion of clients who inject amphetamines has decreased, from 79% of episodes to 44%. This suggests an increase in the number of people receiving treatment for 'ice'.
Available information on those who inject 'ice' suggests that more users report the drug is easy to obtain.
While 'ice' use is increasing, meth/amphetamine use in general has declined in recent years.
'In 2013, around 1.3 million people-or 7% of Australians-had used meth/amphetamine in their lifetime, and 2.1% had used them recently,' Mr Neideck said.
'This is compared to in 2004, when recent users comprised 3.2% of Australians.'
The report shows, however, that recent meth/amphetamine users are now using more frequently, especially when 'ice' is the main form used.
'In 2013, 25% of recent users whose main form was 'ice' reported using at least weekly, which was twice as many as 2010,' Mr Neideck said.
Both users and clients receiving treatment are more likely to be male, and the largest age group overall was between 20 and 29. Higher proportions of Indigenous Australians are now using meth/amphetamines than other Australians, 3.1% compared with 2.0%.
Law enforcement data for amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) has shown a rapid increase in production and supply over recent years.
'For example, the identification of ATS at the Australian border increased by 86% between 2011-12 and 2012-13, and a further 18% in 2013-14,' Mr Neideck said.
The AIHW is a major national agency set up by the Australian Government to provide reliable, regular and relevant information and statistics on Australia's health and welfare.
Canberra, 2 October
Further information: Mr Geoff Neideck, AIHW, tel. 02 6244 1163; mob. 0439 878 933