AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration AIHW corporate plan 2016–17 to 2019–20 Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public consultation Public Interest Disclosure Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health care Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publications Online reports Rate our publication effectivenessSubscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs AIHW annual reports Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies National health priority areas Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health carePrisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject Catalogue of holdings of AIHW data Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subjectAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Child protection Chronic disease indicators Data sources for monitoring health conditionsDeaths Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books Height and weight data sources Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity Mental health Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse
National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National framework for protecting Australia’s children (NFPAC) National indicator catalogue National Youth Information Framework (NYIF) Perinatal data Primary Health Network (PHN) Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee AODTS NMDS WG CKDMAC CMAG CVDMAC HEAC
IGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC NAGATSIHID NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDD
NMDS NMHPSC NOPSAD NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Resources by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Embargoed access to AIHW material Media contacts
You are here:
A new report released today by the Australian Institute of
Health and Welfare (AIHW), examines levels of death and disability
from a variety of diseases, injuries and health risks to determine
the total 'burden of disease' in Australia.
The report, The burden of disease and injury in Australia
2003, showed that cancer (19%) and cardiovascular disease
(18%) were the two leading causes of the burden of disease in
'Cancer has overtaken cardiovascular disease as the leading
cause of burden, largely because of Australia's success in reducing
the burden of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease burden
rates dropped by 35% in the 10 years prior to 2003,' said John Goss
of the AIHW's Economics and Health Services Group.
'Burden of disease analysis goes beyond the mortality impact of
a disease, as it also looks at the impact of illness and
disability. This non-fatal burden (the amount of healthy life years
lost due to disability from disease and injury) made up 51% of the
total,' he said.
The five leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease were
anxiety and depression (14% of the non-fatal burden), Type 2
diabetes (8%), dementia (5%), adult-onset hearing loss (5%) and
For those 75 years and over, the leading causes of non-fatal
burden were dementia (23%), ischemic heart disease (8%), Type 2
diabetes (7%) and adult-onset hearing loss (5%).
'With the ageing of Australia's population, more people will
have diseases more common in older ages - diseases such as
dementia, heart disease, and hearing and vision loss, all of which
will increase demand for care services.
Of the 14 preventable health risks examined in the report,
tobacco was responsible for the greatest burden (7.8% of the total
burden) in Australia.
Other leading risks in 2003 were high blood pressure (7.6% of
the total burden), high body mass (7.5%), physical inactivity
(6.6%) and high blood cholesterol (6.2%).
Alcohol, low fruit & vegetable consumption, illicit drugs,
occupational exposures & hazards, intimate partner violence,
child sexual abuse, urban air pollution, unsafe sex and
osteoporosis were also risk factors.
These 14 risks together accounted for 32% of the total burden of
disease and injury in 2003.
The report also showed that a strong upsurge in the number of
people with diabetes is likely, mostly due to higher levels of
'Paradoxically, it is the success of the health system in
improving survival that will mean an increased risk of people
developing other largely non-fatal but disabling consequences of
diabetes,' Mr Goss said.
The report, prepared primarily by the University of Queensland
with input from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, is
the first complete assessment of the health of Australians to be
released in the new millennium, and significantly expands the scope
of the first burden of disease study released by the Institute in
25 May 2007
Further information: Mr John Goss, AIHW, tel.
02 6244 1151 or mob. 0402 346 379
For media copies of the report: Publications
Officer, AIHW, tel. 61 2 6244 1032.
Availability: Check the AIHW Publications
Catalogue for availability of The burden of
disease and injury in Australia 2003.