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Medical indemnity claims arise when a person alleges harm or loss due to the faulty actions of a health professional or organisation in their delivery of health care. Medical indemnity claims in the public sector are managed by the state or territory which has jurisdiction over the public hospital or other health facility where the alleged faulty actions occurred. In the private sector, medical indemnity cover is offered to health professionals by private insurers. The Australian Government assists the private sector by covering some or all of the insurance payout arising from very expensive claims.

Following the Medical Indemnity Summit in April 2002, Australia's Health Ministers agreed to the need for a national database on medical indemnity claims. Consequently the Public Sector Medical Indemnity National Collection (MINC PS) was established to collate information on the number, nature and costs of public sector medical indemnity claims. Since 2004, after the Australian Government introduced its legislation to assist the private sector, medical indemnity insurers have provided the Australian Government with information on private sector medical indemnity claims. The combination of this information with parallel information from the MINC PS allows a picture covering both the public and private sectors to be presented on various aspects of medical indemnity.

The AIHW publications on medical indemnity claims, listed below, include those that cover both the public and private sectors, those restricted to the public sector, and those that present the medical indemnity information model and define the data elements.

Further information