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Australia's mothers and babies 2011

In 2011, 297,126 women gave birth to 301,810 babies in Australia. This was an increase of 2,247 births (0.8%) than reported in 2010, and a total increase of 18.3% since 2002. Nationally, the proportion of teenage mothers (younger than 20) declined from 3.9% in 2010 to 3.7% in 2011, compared with 4.9% in 2002.

Monitoring asthma in pregnancy: a discussion paper

Asthma in pregnant women may have adverse effects on maternal, fetal and infant outcomes, particularly if expectant mothers experience an exacerbation of asthma while pregnant. Pregnancy, in turn, may have adverse effects on asthma control among expectant mothers. This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring asthma during pregnancy by capitalising on existing data sources as well as identifying data development opportunities.

The health of Australia's males: from birth to young adulthood (0-24 years)

This report is the third in a series on the health of Australia's males, and focuses on health conditions and risk factors that are age-specific (such as congenital anomalies) and those where large sex differences are observed (such as injury).Findings include:- Male babies born in 2009-2011 can expect to live to the age of 79.7, nearly 5 years less than female babies born the same year (84.2).- While males aged 0-24 are more likely to be hospitalised or die from injury than females of the same age, they are similarly likely to be overweight or obese and less likely to smoke tobacco daily.

National core maternity indicators

This is the first report of ten national core maternity indicators for monitoring the quality of maternity care in Australia. National rates have decreased for smoking in pregnancy, episiotomy among women having their first baby and giving birth vaginally and the proportion of babies born weighing less than 2,750 grams at or after 40 weeks. However for some indicators, including induction of labour, caesarean section and instrumental vaginal birth, rates have increased and point to areas for possible further attention.

Australia's mothers and babies 2010

In 2010, 294,814 women gave birth to 299,563 babies in Australia. The average age of mothers has increased gradually, from 29.2 years in 2001 to 30.0 years in 2010. The caesarean section rate has shown an upward trend over the last 10 years, increasing from 25.4% nationally in 2001 to a peak of 31.6% in 2010.

Maternal morbidity data in Australia: an assessment of the feasibility of standardised collection

This report presents the results of a review of current practices in maternal morbidity data collection.  Definitions, data collection guidelines, validation and uses of the maternal morbidity data by jurisdictions are described. Further action is needed to standardise data collection.

Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2010

In 2010, there were 61,774 assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles performed in Australia and New Zealand. Of these, 23.9% resulted in a clinical pregnancy and 18.1% in a live delivery (the birth of at least one liveborn baby). There were 12,056 liveborn babies following ART treatments in 2010.

Perinatal depression: data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey

Data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey showed that 1 in 5 (20%) mothers of children aged 24 months or less had been diagnosed with depression. More than half of these mothers reported being diagnosed with depression during the perinatal  period. Perinatal depression was more commonly reported among mothers who were younger (aged under 25),  smokers, overweight/obese and from lower income households.

Australia's mothers and babies 2009

In 2009, 294,540 women gave birth to 299,220 babies in Australia. The increase in births continued, with 2,295 more births (0.8%) than reported in 2008. The average age of women who gave birth in Australia has increased gradually in recent years, from 29.0 years in 2000 to 30.0 years in 2009.

Neural tube defects in Australia: prevalence before mandatory folic acid fortification

This report describes the prevalence and trends of neural tube defects (NTD) in Australia during the past decade. The best estimated prevalence of NTD among pregnancies is presented based on the information from states that collect near complete data on NTD. Characteristics and outcomes of the births and pregnancy characteristics of mothers are presented for the period 199-2008. The purpose of compiling this national report is to provide baseline prevalence of NTD, before implementation of mandatory folic acid fortification of bread flour in September 2009.

Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2009

In 2009, there were 70,541 assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles undertaken in Australian and New Zealand. Of these cycles, 17.2% resulted in a live delivery (the birth of at least one liveborn baby). In total, 13,114 liveborn babies were born following ART treatment in 2009. The most important trend in ART treatment has been the increase of single embryo transfer, from 48.3% in 2005 to 69.7% in 2009. This trend has resulted in significant reduction of multiple delivery rate from 14.1% in 2005 to 8.2% in 2009.

Maternity data in Australia: a review of sources and gaps

This bulletin presents the results of a review of the depth and breadth of maternal data capture in Australia. Gaps in national data were identified, as well as opportunities for future improvements, A key output of the review is the Maternity Information Matrix, an electronic inventory of maternity data collections and data items.

National breastfeeding indicators: workshop report

This report presents the outcomes of a consensus workshop held on 8 December 2010 in Canberra, regarding core national breastfeeding indicators to support the monitoring of the Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy 2010-2015 and related policies and programs.

Diabetes in pregnancy: its impact on Australian women and their babies

Diabetes is known to adversely affect women and their babies during pregnancy, labour and delivery. These adverse effects differ by type of diabetes and between population groups. This report is the first to explore these differences among Australian mothers and their babies at a national level, showing that: diabetes affects about 1 in 20 pregnancies; mothers with pre-existing Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, and their babies, are at highest risk of adverse effects; mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus, and their babies, are also at increased risk; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and their babies are more likely to experience adverse effects than non-Indigenous mothers and their babies. This report is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers, clinicians and others interested in the effect of diabetes on the health of Australian mothers and their babies.

Australia's mothers and babies 2008

In 2008, 292,156 women gave birth to 296,925 babies in Australia. The increase in births continued, with 2,720 more births (0.9%) than reported in 2007. This is the second year that the rate of caesarean section has not significantly increased with a 0.2% rise from 30.9% in 2007 to 31.1% in 2008.

Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2008

In 2008, there were 61,929 assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles undertaken in Australia and New Zealand. Of these cycles, 17.2% resulted in a live delivery (the birth of at least one liveborn baby). In total, 11,528 liveborn babies were born following ART treatment undertaken in 2008. The most important trend in ART treatment has been the increase of single embryo transfer, from 40.5% in 2004 to 67.8% in 2008. This trend has resulted in significant reduction of multiple delivery rate, from 16.4% in 2004 to 8.4% in 2008.

Australia's mothers and babies 2007

Australia's mothers and babies 2007 is the 17th report providing information on births in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. The report presents demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of women who gave birth in 2007 and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies.

Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2007

In 2007, there were 56,817 assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles undertaken in Australian and New Zealand. Of these cycles, 17.4% resulted in a live delivery (the birth of at least one liveborn baby). In total, 10,856 liveborn babies were born following ART treatment undertaken in 2007. The most important recent trend in ART treatment has been the reduction in the rate of twins and triplets births, with the multiple delivery rate falling from 18.7% in 2003 to 10.0% in 2007. This trend has been associated with an increase in the proportion of ART treatment cycles using single embryo transfer, from 32.0% in 2003 to 63.7% in 2007.

Australia's mothers and babies 2006

Australia's mothers and babies 2006 is the sixteenth report providing information on births in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. The report presents demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of women who gave birth in 2006 and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies. The report is produced by the AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit based at the University of New South Wales and can be used by researchers, academics, students, policy makers and health service planners, and those providing services in reproductive health.

Gestational diabetes mellitus in Australia, 2005-06

This is the first national report on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus among Australian women. The report uses data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the National Hospital Morbidity Database to determine the number of cases of GDM among Australian women of child-bearing age. Trends in the incidence of the condition over time, changes in insulin treatment status and differences by high-risk groups-including women aged over 30 years, women who identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and women born overseas-are also included in the report.

Neural tube defects in Australia

This report describes the prevalence and trends of neural tube defects (NTD) in Australia during the past decade. An estimated prevalence of NTD among pregnancies is presented based on the information from states that collect near complete data on NTD. Characteristics and outcomes of the births and pregnancy characteristics of the mothers are presented for the period 1998-2005. The purpose of compiling this national report is to provide baseline prevalence of NTD, prior to the implementation of mandatory folic acid fortification of bread flour in September 2009. This report is produced by the AIHW National Perinatal Statistics unit and will be of interest to staff of state and territory birth defect registers and perinatal data collections, health professionals, health and welfare planners, policy makers, researchers, students and consumers.

Perinatal National Minimum Data Set compliance evaluation 2001 to 2005

This report presents a comprehensive review of the extent to which data for 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 for the Perinatal National Minimum Data Set (NMDS) were collected and/or provided by states and territories to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit in accordance with the NMDS specifications as published in the National Health Data Dictionary. This report provides information that can be used to improve data reporting and to develop and refine the NMDS specifications.

Assisted reproduction technology in Australia and New Zealand 2006

The report presents data on success rates based on live deliveries and how they vary by treatment type, women's age and number of embryos transferred. Also included is information on birth outcomes such as multiple birth, gestational age, birthweight and perinatal mortality.

Congenital anomalies in Australia 2002-2003

Congenital anomalies in Australia 2002-2003 is the third report in a new revised series on congenital anomalies. This report provides national information on selected congenital anomalies from 2002-2003. Information on induced abortions with congenital anomalies is also presented for some jurisdictions. This report is produced by the AIHW National Perinatal Statistics unit and will be of interest to staff of state and territory birth defect registers and perinatal data collections, health professionals, health and welfare planners, policy makers, researchers, students and consumers.

Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005

Maternal deaths in Australia 2003-2005 is the fourteenth report on why women die during pregnancy and childbirth. The report is an observational study of maternal deaths in Australia. This report is produced by the AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit based at the University of New South Wales and funded by the Australian Commission for Quality and Safety in Healthcare. It will be particularly useful for researchers, policy makers, health service planners and those providing services in reproductive health.

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