AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration AIHW corporate plan 2016–17 to 2019–20 Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Nous review Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public Interest Disclosure Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health care Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publications Online reports Subscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs AIHW annual reports Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health carePrisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject AIHW data collections Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subjectAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Body weight data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Child protection Data sources for monitoring health conditionsDeaths Diabetes Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books Height and weight data sources Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity Mental health Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse
National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National framework for protecting Australia’s children (NFPAC) National indicator catalogue National Youth Information Framework (NYIF) Perinatal data Primary Health Network (PHN) Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Tobacco data sources Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AACR ACFADD AHSAC AIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee AODTS NMDS WG CKDMAC CMAG CVDMAC HEAC
IGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC NAGATSIHID NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDDNMDS
NMHPSC NOPSAD NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Resources by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Embargoed access to AIHW material Media contacts
You are here:
Public health is characterised by planning and intervening for better health in populations rather than focusing on the health of the individual. These efforts are usually aimed at addressing factors that determine health and the causes of illness rather than their consequences, with the aim of promoting health or preventing illness. Public health services are vital to the overall health status and wellbeing of the nation. Improving them can result in major economic social benefits as well as minimising future preventable demand on health services over time.
We are familiar with government taking responsibility for the quality of the water we drink, for the level of immunisation of our population and for campaigns to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS or to encourage physical exercise. Government-funded public health activity is an important part of the Australian health care system. But what do we know about who pays for this activity and how effective it is? How much do governments spend each year on public health? How is this expenditure burden shared between the Australian Government and state and territory governments? Do we know the links between expenditure on health interventions and health outcomes?
The latest issue in the public health expenditure series is Public health expenditure in Australia 2008-09, released in February 2011.
In 2012, the public health expenditure series was put on hold, however summary information for public health expenditure is available in the Health expenditure Australia series.
To access earlier reports, go to Expenditure publications.
Maintaining and improving the overall health of the population is a shared responsibility of all levels of government in Australia. To achieve this, governments run or support programs and activities that are directed, not at individuals, but at the whole population, or particular 'at risk' groups within the population. These can be screening programs aimed at the early identification of, for example, breast cancer. Or they may be programs that promote healthy lifestyles or warn about the dangers to health of particular hazardous activities (eg. smoking). They may also be activities aimed at making our environment safer and healthier.
These public health programs and activities are not costless. They involve the use of some scarce resources that might otherwise be directed to other worthwhile activities. Just how much governments spend on public health and how that expenditure is financed are important pieces of information that decision-makers need to have in order to allocate funds and to decide if particular programs should be supported, changed or, in some cases, ceased. Of course, knowing how much you are spending is only one input, but it is an important one. Decision-makers also need evidence of the effectiveness of programs and how efficient they are in achieving outcomes.
The NPHEP was established in 1998 as a joint project of the AIHW and the National Public Health Partnership. It was funded by the Australian Government through the Department of Health. The aim of the project was to develop a consistent set of annual estimates of expenditure on public health activities.