The Council of Australian Governments released the National Early Childhood Development Strategy, Investing in the Early Years in July 2009 (COAG 2009). One of the key reform priorities in the strategy is to build better information and a solid evidence base, and establishing national outcome measures for early childhood development has been identified as one of the key projects to progress this. Developing an indicator-based reporting framework for early childhood development will enable monitoring of achievements against the Early Childhood Development (ECD) Outcomes Framework to inform the Council of Australian Governments of progress towards the vision that ‘by 2020 all children have the best start in life to create a better future for themselves and for the nation’.
This information paper outlines the process of developing an indicator-based reporting framework for early childhood development, and establishes a recommended high-level set of indicators to measure progress against the outcomes framework in the strategy.
The development of an indicator-based reporting framework for early childhood development involved:
- reviewing existing national and international frameworks, and identifying key indicator areas through an extensive indicator mapping process
- reviewing national and international literature on early childhood development and outcomes
- developing conceptual models to count the relationships between all indicator areas within and across the outcomes in the outcomes framework
- consulting with key experts and stakeholders.
Indicator areas for early childhood development
The process outlined above identified 46 key areas that were considered most relevant to early childhood development and wellbeing outcomes. However the consultation process determined that fewer high-level indicators to measure progress for each of the outcomes in the ECD Outcomes Framework were needed. As a result, 20 potential indicators are recommended for reporting against the ECD Outcomes Framework in the ECD Strategy (Figure 1).
Data are currently available or will be available for reporting (by 2014) on 13 of these indicators, with data collection methodology and sources to be agreed for a further two indicators—social and emotional wellbeing and family social network. Indicators for the remaining 5 areas are not yet developed or defined—child behavioural problems, peer relationships, cultural appropriateness, school engagement and parenting quality/capacity—and require further work to conceptualise and establish the most important aspects for children’s health, development and wellbeing.