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released: 28 Sep 2011 author: AIHW media release

The health of Australia's prisoners 2010 is the second report on indicators of prisoner health in Australia. The two-week snapshot showed that: almost 1 in 3 prison entrants had ever been told they have a mental health disorder and 1 in 5 prisoners in custody were taking medication for a mental health condition. More than 4 in 5 prison entrants currently smoked tobacco; over half reported drinking alcohol at risk levels; and 2 in 3 had used illicit drugs during the previous 12 months. Further, more than 1 in 3 prison entrants had not completed Year 10 at school; and 1 in 4 prison entrants had a chronic condition such as asthma, cardiovascular disease or diabetes. The report also contains data relating to communicable diseases, deaths in custody, and the use of prison health services.

ISBN 978-1-74249-195-0; Cat. no. PHE 149; 206pp.; $38

printed copy

Publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Snapshot of the health of Australia's prisoners
  • Body section
    1. Introduction
      • 1.1 Background
      • 1.2 Prisoner health services in Australia
      • 1.3 National Prisoner Health Census method
      • 1.4 Report structure
    1. Overview
      • 2.1 Prison environment
      • 2.2 Australia's prisoners
      • 2.3 Prison entrants
    1. Health conditions
      • 3.1 Mental health
      • 3.2 Head injury
      • 3.3 Communicable diseases
      • 3.4 Chronic conditions
      • 3.5 Women's health
    1. Health behaviours
      • 4.1 Tobacco smoking
      • 4.2 Risky alcohol consumption
      • 4.3 Illicit drug use
      • 4.4 Unprotected sex
      • 4.5 Health service use
    1. Prison health services
      • 5.1 Visits by Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations
      • 5.2 Referrals to prison mental health services
      • 5.3 Identification of suicide or self-harm risk
      • 5.4 Transfers from prison clinic to public hospitals
      • 5.5 Immunisation
      • 5.6 Discharge planning
      • 5.7 Use of prison clinic
      • 5.8 Problems managed in prison clinics
      • 5.9 Initiator of clinic visits
      • 5.10 Type of health professional seen in clinic visits
      • 5.11 Opioid pharmacotherapy treatment
      • 5.12 Medication
      • 5.13 Full-time equivalent staffing ratios
    1. Deaths
      • 6.1 Deaths in custody
      • 6.2 Deaths following release from prison
    1. Comparisons with the general community
      • 7.1 Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations
      • 7.2 The general Australian population
    1. Data gaps and future directions
      • 8.1 Missing information and unavailable data
      • 8.2 Indicators not included in this report
      • 8.3 Future directions for the Census
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A 2009–2010 comparisons
      • Appendix B List of indicators
      • Appendix C Data sources
      • Appendix D Prisoner health services in Australia
      • Appendix E Key policy directions
      • Appendix F Prisoner health legislation in Australia
      • Appendix G Prisons in Australia
      • Appendix H Prisoner health Census forms
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above.

Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.   

  1. Snapshot of the health of Australia’s prisoners: distress related to current incarceration and consultation with medical professional in prison in last 12 months required but not completed (for those who had been in prison in last 12 months) have been amended due to calculation errors.
    • Table 3.3 has been amended due to table entry errors.
    • Table 3.4 and associated text has been amended due to calculation errors.
    • Table 3.5 and associated text has been amended due to calculation errors.
    • Text around prevalence of diabetes, page 48 has been amended to include prevalence of diabetes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous entrants.
    • Table 5.10 has been amended due to a table entry error.
    • Table 5.11 has been amended due to a table entry error.
    • Table 5.21 has been amended due to a source error.
    • Text around deaths in custody, page 117 has been amended due to typing errors.
    • Western Australia, highest level of completed education, page 140 has been amended due to table entry errors.
    • Northern Territory prison health services in Australia, page 154 text has been amended due to typing errors.
    • Previous version - The health of Australia's prisoners 2010 (6MB PDF)

Recommended citation

AIHW 2011. The health of Australia's prisoners 2010. Cat. no. PHE 149. Canberra: AIHW.