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released: 7 Oct 2011 author: AIHW

This report recommends that the direct method of age-standardisation be used for purposes of comparing health and welfare outcome measures (e.g. mortality rates, life expectancy, hospital separation rates, disease incidence rates etc.) of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population and non-Indigenous Australians. The report provides consistency and guidance on when and how to use the direct age-standardisation method and under what circumstances it should not be used.

ISBN 978-1-74249-214-8; Cat. no. CSI 12; 25pp.; Internet Only


Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Background to the development of these principles
    • Summary
  • Body section
    1. Introduction
    2. What is age-standardisation?
      • 2.1 What is an age-standardised rate?
      • 2.2 Methods of age-standardisation
        • 2.2.1 Direct age-standardisation
        • 2.2.2 Indirect age-standardisation
        • 2.3 Advantages and disadvantages of direct and indirect age standardisation
      • 2.4 Choice of standard population
      • 2.5 The preferred method in analysis related to the Indigenous population
    3. Principles on the use of direct-age standardisation
      • 3.1 Guiding principles
      • 3.2 Other issues that could impact on the reliability of age-standardised rates
    4. Conclusion
  • End matter
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2011. Principles on the use of direct age-standardisation in administrative data collections: for measuring the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Data linkage series. Cat. no. CSI 12. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 21 August 2017 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737420133>.

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