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released: 11 Nov 2011 author: AIHW

Drugs in Australia 2010 provides a comprehensive summary of Australians' consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs and use of treatment services, drawing on the latest statistics from major national collections. It also includes information about drug-related health issues, and drugs in the context of crime and law enforcement.

ISSN 1442-7230; ISBN 978-1-74249-230-8; Cat. no. PHE 154; 175pp.; Internet only

Publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
      • Patterns of drug use
        • Tobacco and alcohol
        • Illicit drugs
      • Services related to drug use or treatment
        • Substance use—specific services
        • Other services
      • Vulnerable groups
      • Drugs and crime
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • 1.1 Data sources
    • 2 Tobacco
      • 2.1 Key findings
      • 2.2 Introduction
      • 2.3 Attitudes and opportunity to use
      • 2.4 Reported consumption
        • 2.4.1 Trends
        • 2.4.2 Age and sex
        • 2.4.3 Younger people and school students
        • 2.4.4 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
        • 2.4.5 Socioeconomic status
        • 2.4.6 Other social characteristics
      • 2.5 Cessation attempts
      • 2.6 Apparent consumption
      • 2.7 Tobacco-related costs, revenue and expenditure
      • 2.8 State, territory and international comparisons
        • 2.8.1 State and territory comparisons
        • 2.8.2 International comparisons
      • 2.9 Health and harms
        • 2.9.1 Health of smokers
        • 2.9.2 Second-hand smoke
          • In the home
          • In the workplace
        • 2.9.3 Social issues associated with smoking
    • 3 Alcohol
      • 3.1 Key findings
      • 3.2 Introduction
      • 3.3 Attitudes and opportunity to use
      • 3.4 Reported consumption
        • 3.4.1 Trends
        • 3.4.2 Age and sex
        • 3.4.3 Risk levels
          • Risk of alcohol-related harm from a single drinking occasion
          • Risk of alcohol-related harm over a lifetime
        • 3.4.4 Social characteristics
      • 3.5 Apparent consumption
      • 3.6 Alcohol-related costs, revenue and expenditure
      • 3.7 Polydrug use
      • 3.8 Reduction and cessation of consumption
      • 3.9 State, territory and international comparisons
        • 3.9.1 State and territory comparisons
        • 3.9.2 International comparisons
      • 3.10 Health and harms
        • 3.10.1 Mental health
        • 3.10.2 Social harms
    • 4 Illicit drugs overview
      • 4.1 Key findings
      • 4.2 Introduction
      • 4.3 Attitudes
      • 4.4 Consumption
        • 4.4.1 Age and sex
        • 4.4.2 Trends
        • 4.4.3 Concurrent drug use
      • 4.5 International comparisons
      • 4.6 Costs and expenditure
      • 4.7 Health and harms
        • 4.7.1 Mental health
        • 4.7.2 Social harms
    • 5 Cannabis
      • 5.1 Key findings
      • 5.2 Introduction
      • 5.3 Attitudes and opportunity to use
      • 5.4 Reported consumption
        • 5.4.1 Trends
        • 5.4.2 Characteristics of recent cannabis users
        • 5.4.3 Place of use
        • 5.4.4 Attempts to reduce use
      • 5.5 State and territory comparisons
      • 5.6 Health and harms
        • 5.6.1 Self-reported health status of cannabis users
        • 5.6.2 Psychological distress
      • 5.7 Recent use of cannabis among population sub-groups
        • Use among ecstasy and related drug users
        • Use among injecting drug users
        • Use among prisoners
        • Use among police detainees
      • 5.8 Supply reduction
    • 6 Illicit drugs other than cannabis
      • 6.1 Key findings
      • 6.2 Introduction
      • 6.3 Attitudes and opportunity to use
        • 6.4.1 Any illicit drug, excluding cannabis
        • 6.4.2 Ecstasy use
        • 6.3.1 Meth/amphetamine use
        • 6.3.2 Cocaine use
        • 6.3.3 Use of other illicit drugs
        • 6.3.4 Frequency of use
      • 6.5 Social characteristics
      • 6.6 State and territory comparisons
      • 6.7 Illicit drugs and health
        • 6.3.5 Mortality
        • 6.3.6 Non-fatal overdoses
        • 6.3.7 Self-reported health status
          • Health conditions including mental illness
        • 6.3.8 Injecting drug use and health
    • 7 Pharmaceuticals
      • 7.1 Key findings
      • 7.2 Introduction
        • 7.2.1 Data sources
      • 7.3 Prescription medicines
        • 7.3.1 Prescribing patterns of general practitioners
        • 7.3.2 Volume
        • 7.3.3 Cost to the Australian Government
        • 7.3.4 Defined daily dose
      • 7.4 Community prescriptions for major drug groups
      • 7.5 Pharmaceutical misuse
        • 7.5.1 How are pharmaceuticals diverted?
        • 7.5.2 Pharmaceutical misuse among the general population
          • Use of pharmaceuticals for non-medical purposes
          • Frequency of use
          • Source of supply
        • 7.5.3 Use among police watch-house detainees
        • 7.5.4 Use among prisoners
    • 8 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
      • 8.1 Key findings
      • 8.2 Introduction
      • 8.3 Data sources
      • 8.4 Tobacco
        • 8.4.1 Attitudes
        • 8.4.2 Current use
        • 8.4.3 Trends
        • 8.4.4 Age and sex
        • 8.4.5 Indigenous and non-Indigenous comparisons
        • 8.4.6 Cessation behaviour
      • 8.5 Alcohol
        • 8.5.1 Current use
        • 8.5.2 Trends
        • 8.5.3 Age and sex
        • 8.5.4 Indigenous and non-Indigenous comparisons
        • 8.5.5 Cessation behaviours
      • 8.6 Illicit drugs
        • 8.6.1 Current use
        • 8.6.2 Age and sex
        • 8.6.3 Comparisons with other Australians
        • 8.6.4 Cessation behaviours
      • 8.7 Health and harms
        • 8.7.1 Morbidity and mortality
        • 8.7.2 Self-reported health status
        • 8.7.3 Drug use issues managed by general practitioners
        • 8.7.4 Passive smoking
        • 8.7.5 Mental health
        • 8.7.6 Injecting drug use
        • 8.7.7 Other harms
    • 9 Life stages
      • 9.1 Key findings
      • 9.2 Introduction
      • 9.3 School students
        • 9.3.1 Tobacco use
        • 9.3.2 Alcohol use
        • 9.3.3 Illicit drug use
      • 9.4 Employment and workforce participation
        • 9.4.1 Smoking status
        • 9.4.2 Alcohol use patterns
          • Alcohol risk
        • 9.4.3 Illicit drug use
        • 9.4.4 Drug use among employed people
      • 9.5 Pregnancy
        • 9.5.1 Smoking during pregnancy
        • 9.5.2 Other drug use during pregnancy
      • 9.6 Families
        • 9.6.1 Smoking status
        • 9.6.2 Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
        • 9.6.3 Alcohol risk and families
        • 9.6.4 Illicit drug use
    • 10 Services
      • 10.1 Key findings
      • 10.2 Introduction
      • 10.3 Alcohol and other drug treatment
      • 10.4 Treatment agencies
      • 10.5 Treatment clients
      • 10.6 What drugs are clients concerned about?
        • 10.6.1 Trends
        • 10.6.2 Age and sex
        • 10.6.3 Injecting drug use
      • 10.7 What treatment do clients receive?
        • Counselling
        • Withdrawal management (detoxification)
        • Rehabilitation
        • Assessment only
        • Information and education only
        • Support and case management only
        • Other
      • 10.8 Current treatment and trends
        • 10.8.1 Age and sex
      • 10.9 Referral sources and cessation reasons
        • 10.9.1 Referral
        • 10.9.2 Reasons for cessation
      • 10.10 Other alcohol and drug treatment data
        • 10.10.1 Opioid substitute pharmacotherapy
        • 10.10.2 Indigenous services
        • 10.10.3 Needle and syringe programs
        • 10.10.4 Survey data
      • 10.11 Other services that may assist people with alcohol and other drug issues
        • 10.11.1 GP visits
        • 10.11.2 Hospital treatment (morbidity)
        • 10.11.3 Homelessness services
        • 10.11.4 Mental health services
    • 11 Crime and law enforcement
      • 11.1 Key findings
      • 11.2 Introduction
      • 11.3 Illicit drug offences
        • 11.3.1 Illicit drug arrests
        • 11.3.2 Prison census statistics
      • 11.4 Drug use and criminal offending
        • 11.4.1 Drug use among police detainees
      • 11.5 Prisoners' self-reported drug use
        • 11.5.1 Tobacco
        • 11.5.2 Drug use among juvenile detainees
          • Prevalence of drug use
          • Frequency of drug use
          • Substance use and crime
      • 11.6 Self-reported crime by injecting drug users
      • 11.7 Illicit drug purity and detections
        • 11.7.1 Purity of illicit drugs
        • 11.7.2 Australian border detections of illicit drugs
          • Border detections of heroin
          • Border detections of amphetamine-type stimulants
          • Cannabis border detections
        • 11.7.3 Australian domestic drug detection
          • Detection of drug laboratories
          • Cannabis detections
  • End matter
    • Appendix A - Poisons Standard Schedule categories
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2011. Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Drug statistics series. Cat. no. PHE 154. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 31 October 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737420497>.