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released: 19 Dec 2011 author: AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit media release

This report describes the prevalence and trends of neural tube defects (NTD) in Australia during the past decade. The best estimated prevalence of NTD among pregnancies is presented based on the information from states that collect near complete data on NTD. Characteristics and outcomes of the births and pregnancy characteristics of mothers are presented for the period 199-2008. The purpose of compiling this national report is to provide baseline prevalence of NTD, before implementation of mandatory folic acid fortification of bread flour in September 2009.

ISBN 978-1-74249-267-4; Cat. no. PER 53; 58pp.; Internet only


Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
      • Background
      • Key findings
  • Body section
    • 1 Background
      • 1.1 What are neural tube defects?
      • 1.2 What causes neural tube defects?
      • 1.3 The role of folate in neural tube defect prevention
      • 1.4 Fortification to prevent neural tube defects
      • 1.5 Effects of folic acid fortification in other countries
      • 1.6 Rationale for this report
    • 2 Methods
      • 2.1 Definitions
      • 2.2 Data sources
    • 3 Results
      • 3.1 Neural tube defect cases from states and territories
      • 3.2 Overall prevalence of neural tube defects
      • 3.3 Attenuated overall prevalence of neural tube defects
      • 3.4 Birth prevalence of neural tube defects
    • 4 Key findings
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix 1: Definitions of neural tube defects
      • Appendix 2: State and territory congenital anomaly collections
      • Appendix 3: Data items requested from states and territories
      • Appendix 4: Data elements used in the report
      • Appendix 5: Neural tube defect-related and neural tube defect-unrelated conditions
      • Appendix 6: Data used in figures
      • Appendix 7: Denominator data
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit 2011. Neural tube defects in Australia: prevalence before mandatory folic acid fortification. Cat. no. PER 53. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 22 August 2017 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737420864>.

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