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released: 29 Mar 2012 author: AIHW media release

Chronic diseases are responsible for a large portion of the disease burden in Australia, and many are highly preventable by reducing known risk factors. This report shows that: ~Most people have at least one risk factor and more than 90% do not consume enough vegetables. ~Social disadvantage is associated with risky health behaviours. ~Nearly 60%of Australians do not undertake sufficient levels of physical activity, and many of us (almost 80%) usually spend 3 or more hours sitting during our leisure time.

ISBN 978-1-74249-283-4; Cat. no. PHE 157; 124pp.; $46

printed copy


Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
  • Body section
    • Chapter 1 -Health behaviours and their role in the prevention of chronic disease
      • Chronic disease in Australia
      • Information in this report
      • Prevention
      • Focus on risk factors open to change
      • The need for evidence
    • Chapter 2 - Prevalence of health determinants, including risk factors
      • Behavioural health determinants and risk factors
      • Biomedical health determinants and risk factors
      • Other risk factors
    • Chapter 3 - Adding up the risks
      • How many risk factors do we have?
      • Multiple risk factors by chronic disease
    • Chapter 4 - A risky cocktail: combinations of risk factors
      • Combinations of nine risk factors
      • Combinations of the three focus risk factors
      • Six risk factors in the most common 10 combinations
      • Combinations by age group
      • Combinations by individual risk factors
      • Selected combinations by chronic diseases
      • The three focus risk factors
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A—Definitions
      • Appendix B—Prevalence tables
      • Appendix C—Risk factor combinations
      • Appendix D—About the data
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • List of boxes

Recommended citation

AIHW 2012. Risk factors contributing to chronic disease. Cat. no. PHE 157. Canberra: AIHW.

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