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released: 20 Dec 2012 author: AIHW media release

This report presents information on the juvenile detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2008 to June 2012. On an average night, there were about 1,000 young people in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years; however, the level of Indigenous over-representation increased, particularly in unsentenced detention.

ISSN 1833-3230; ISBN 978-1-74249-392-3; Cat. no. JUV 11; 60pp.; $16

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Summary

Although most young people in Australia who have committed, or allegedly committed, a criminal offence are supervised in the community, some are in detention.

This report presents information on the juvenile detention population, focusing on trends over the 4-year period from the June quarter 2008 to the June quarter 2012.

Few young people are in detention in Australia

There were 1,024 young people in detention on an average night in the June quarter of 2012. Most (78%) were aged 10-17. This equates to a rate of 0.35 young people in detention per 1,000 aged 10-17, or around 1 in every 3,000 young people. Just over half (53%) of those in detention were Indigenous and most (91%) were young men.

Numbers and rates of detention are stable

Numbers and rates of young people in detention on an average night remained relatively stable over the 4-year period to the June quarter 2012. There was little overall change in either the number of young people (of all ages) in detention (down 1%) or the rate of detention among those aged 10-17 (from 0.37 to 0.35 per 1,000) over the period.

One in two young people in detention have not been sentenced

Just over half (52%) of those in detention on an average night in the June quarter 2012 were unsentenced-that is, awaiting the outcome of their court matter or sentencing.

There was little change in the number and proportion of young people in detention who were unsentenced over the 4-year period. In the most recent year, there was an increase in the unsentenced population (up 9%) and a decrease in the sentenced population (down 9%).

Trends vary among the states and territories

There were differences in the trends in the detention population among the states and territories. Over the 4-year period, rates of young people in detention on an average night decreased in New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria, remained relatively stable in Western Australia and increased in the other states and territories.

Indigenous over-representation has increased, particularly in unsentenced detention

On an average night in the June quarter 2012, Indigenous young people aged 10-17 were 31 times as likely as non-Indigenous young people to be in detention, up from 27 times in the June quarter 2008. The level of Indigenous over-representation (as shown by the rate ratio) increased in unsentenced detention over the 4-year period (from 24 to 31 times), but decreased slightly in sentenced detention (from 32 to 30 times).

Recommended citation

AIHW 2012. Juvenile detention population in Australia 2012. Juvenile justice series no. 11. Cat. no. JUV 11. Canberra: AIHW.