An estimated 244,000 Australians accessed
specialist homelessness services in
2012‒13―an increase of 3% from 2011‒12
The number of clients supported by specialist homelessness services
increased in all states and territories except for New South Wales, Tasmania,
and the Australian Capital Territory. Victoria accounted for 81% of the
overall national increase due to the commencement of a number of newly-funded
specialist homelessness agencies.
The profile of clients assisted in
2012‒13 was generally similar to 2011‒12
More than half of all clients
were at risk of homelessness (54%) when they first began receiving support. Of
those who were homeless when presenting (46%), 22% had no shelter or were
staying in improvised dwellings and 35% were in short-term accommodation.
Most clients who received assistance were female (59%). However, males were
more likely to be homeless when they first received support, including being
more likely to be living with no shelter or in an improvised dwelling (28% of
homeless males compared to 16% of homeless females).
Australians continue to be over-represented. Although representing 3% of the
total Australian population, Indigenous people represented 22% of specialist
homelessness services clients.
Domestic and family violence remains a
leading cause of homelessness. Thirty-two per cent of all clients receiving
assistance from homelessness agencies were escaping domestic or family
violence. The majority of these were adult females (63%) and 19% were children
under 10 years of age.
Agencies help many clients secure a source of
income to assist in meeting housing costs. The proportion of these clients who
had no income went from 17% at the beginning of support to 10% at the end of
support. The proportions of clients whose main source of income was a
government benefit or employee income both increased slightly.
who identified a need for employment assistance, the proportion employed at
the end of support increased from 12% to 20%, with the increase in clients
employed part-time rising from 8% to 13%.
Agencies were able to support a
number of clients into more stable housing. Overall, the proportion of clients
who ended support in private housing remained steady, but the proportion of
clients in public or community housing increased from 15% at the start of
support to 21% at the end of support.
There were some shifts in the
characteristics of clients from 2011‒12
There was an increase of 14%
from 2011-12 in the number of people aged 55 years and over seeking support
from specialist homelessness agencies.
Agencies reported more clients
who had been 'couch surfing' or otherwise living without tenure. This group
increased in number by 26% from 2011-12.
The estimated average number of
unassisted requests for assistance each day increased to 417 in 2012‒13 from
385 in 2011‒12, but there was a decrease in the proportion of clients
experiencing repeat periods of homelessness.