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released: 30 May 2014 author: AIHW

This report outlines the main drivers impacting on the COAG target to halve the gap in child mortality within a decade. These include low birthweight, maternal health and behaviours (smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy) and inadequate or infrequent antenatal care. The report examines interventions that have been shown to be effective in reducing Indigenous child mortality; the time lags between program implementation and expected reductions in child mortality and its risk factors; and data availability to measure outcomes achieved.

ISBN 978-1-74249-575-0; Cat. no. IHW 124; 102pp.; $15

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Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
      • Indigenous child mortality
      • Risk factors and interventions
      • Time frames
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • Determinants of infant and child mortality
    • 2 Infant and child mortality
      • Trends in Indigenous child mortality
        • Causes of death
        • Implications
    • 3 Interventions and programs aimed to reduce child mortality and its risk factors
      • Risk factors
      • Summary of improvements by risk factor for Indigenous-specific programs
      • Antenatal care
        • Australian initiatives for Indigenous mothers
        • Other Australian antenatal care initiatives
        • International antenatal care initiatives
      • Nurse home-visiting programs in Australia
      • Australian Nurse-Family Partnership Program (ANFPP)
      • State/territory home visiting programs
      • Anti-smoking initiatives
        • Maternal smoking cessation programs
        • General smoking programs
      • Population health initiatives
        • Alcohol consumption
        • Sexually transmitted infections
        • Breastfeeding
        • Immunisation
        • Injury prevention
    • 4 Lags between program implementation, change and ability to measure
      • Example: Indigenous Early Childhood Development NPA
      • Progress against the COAG child mortality target
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: COAG Closing the Gap targets
      • Appendix B: Literature review on risk factors associated with child mortality
      • Appendix C: Mortality interventions by risk factor
      • Appendix D: Methodology for calculating variability bands for the NIRA child mortality trajectory
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2014. Timing impact assessment for COAG Closing the Gap targets: child mortality. Cat. no. IHW 124. Canberra: AIHW.

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