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released: 5 Sep 2014 author: AIHW media release

This report provides an overview of current patterns and trends in mortality and life expectancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Circulatory diseases were the leading cause of death of Indigenous Australians for the period 2008–2012 (representing 26% of Indigenous deaths), followed by cancer (20%) and injury (15%). There have been significant declines in overall Indigenous mortality rates as well as mortality rates from circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases between 2001 and 2012. However, there has been little improvement in Indigenous mortality from other causes such as cancer and injury over this period.

ISBN 978-1-74249-625-2; Cat. no. IHW 140; 60pp.; $11

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Publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • 1.1 Content and structure of this report
      • 1.2 Data sources and methods
      • 1.3 Data quality and limitations
    • 2 Life expectancy
      • 2.1 National life expectancy estimates
      • 2.2 State/territory life expectancy estimates
    • 3 All-cause mortality
      • 3.1 Differences by age
      • 3.2 Differences by state and territory
    • 4 Causes of death
      • 4.1 What do Indigenous Australians die from?
      • 4.2 Comparisons with the non-Indigenous population
    • 5 Trends in mortality
      • 5.1 All-cause mortality
      • 5.2 Cause of death trends
    • 6 Conclusion
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Data sources
        • National Mortality Database
        • Population data
      • Appendix B: Technical information
        • Age-specific rates
        • Age-standardised rates
        • Cause of death classification
        • Crude rates
        • Measuring 'the gap'
        • Rate difference
        • Rate ratio
        • Time trends
      • Appendix C: Additional tables
    • References

Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above. Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.

  1. (10 Sep 2014) References updated - average annual change in rates (per 100,000 population) determined using linear regression analysis over the specified period.
    Previous version - Mortality and life expectancy of Indigenous Australians 2008 to 2012 (1.9MB PDF)
  2. (6 Mar 2015) Table updated.
    Previous version - Mortality and life expectancy of Indigenous Australians 2008 to 2012 (1.9MB PDF)

Recommended citation

AIHW 2014. Mortality and life expectancy of Indigenous Australians 2008 to 2012. Cat. no. IHW 140. Canberra: AIHW.

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