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released: 10 Apr 2015 author: AIHW media release

This is the second report in the Australian Burden of Disease Study series. It provides estimates of fatal burden for 2010 for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population as well as estimates of the gap in fatal burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Injuries and cardiovascular diseases contributed the most fatal burden for Indigenous Australians (22% and 21% respectively), followed by cancer (17%). Subsequent reports in this series will provide estimates of the non-fatal burden and the contribution of various risk factors to disease burden in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.

ISSN 2204-4108; ISBN 978-1-74249-696-2; Cat. no. BOD 2; 117pp.; $43

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Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Preface
    • Summary
      • Key findings
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • 1.1 What is burden of disease?
      • 1.2 Previous burden of disease studies
      • 1.3 Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011
      • 1.4 Purpose and structure of this report
    • 2 Methods, data sources and data quality
      • 2.1 Years of life lost
      • 2.2 Data sources and inputs
      • 2.3 Methods for redistribution of deaths
      • 2.4 Methods specific to Indigenous fatal burden estimates
    • 3 National results: Indigenous YLL
      • 3.1 Overall Indigenous fatal burden by age and sex
      • 3.2 Indigenous fatal burden by disease group
      • 3.3 Do the leading causes of fatal burden differ by sex?
      • 3.4 Do the leading causes of fatal burden differ by age group?
      • 3.5 Age patterns in YLL for selected disease groups
    • 4 National results: Mortality gap
      • 4.1 What is the overall gap in fatal burden?
      • 4.2 Which age groups contribute the most to the mortality gap?
      • 4.3 What diseases are the leading contributors to the mortality gap?
      • 4.4 Do the leading contributors to the mortality gap differ by age?
      • 4.5 Do the leading contributors to the mortality gap differ by sex?
    • 5 Sub-national results
      • 5.1 State/territory
      • 5.2 Remoteness
      • 5.3 Socioeconomic disadvantage
    • 6 International comparisons
      • 6.1 New Zealand Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study, 2006-2016
      • 6.2 Results
    • 7 Discussion
      • Key findings and policy implications
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Burden of disease studies
      • Appendix B: Data sources and standard life table
        • Mortality data sources
        • Standard life table
      • Appendix C: Measures of socioeconomic disadvantage
        • Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA)
        • Indigenous Relative Socioeconomic Outcomes (IRSEO) Index
        • Pooled Index of Relative Socioeconomic Outcomes (PIRSEO) for Indigenous and non-
        • Indigenous populations
      • Appendix D: Cause list and redistribution
        • Development of the cause list
        • Structure of the cause list
        • How are deaths redistributed in the ABDS? Redistribution results
        • Impact of redistribution
      • Appendix E: Methods for adjusting Indigenous mortality data
        • What is Indigenous under-identification?
        • Indigenous identification in mortality data
        • Indigenous mortality identification studies
        • Sensitivity analyses-impacts of using AIHW and ABS adjustment factors on YLL estimates
        • Strengths and limitations of the ABS and AIHW adjustment factors
        • Adjustment factors used in this report
        • Process of adjusting Indigenous deaths for under-identification for YLL calculations
      • Appendix F: Measuring the gap
        • Age-standardisation
        • Gap (inequality) measures
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • List of boxes

Recommended citation

AIHW 2015. Australian Burden of Disease Study: fatal burden of disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010. Australian Burden of Disease Study series 2. Cat. no. BOD 2. Canberra: AIHW.

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