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released: 30 Sep 2015 author: AIHW

Early childhood education and care is a key priority for the Australian Government in recognition that ECEC programs play a vital role in the development of Australian children and their preparation for school, and enabling parents to work. This review explores the literature on the complex relationship between attendance at early childhood education and care programs and developmental outcomes for children.

ISBN 978-1-74249-818-8; Cat. no. CWS 53; 40pp.; $10

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Table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title & verso title pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
      • 0-3 years: within a child care setting
      • 3-5 years: within a preschool setting
  • Body content
    • 1 Introduction
      • Priority areas for government
      • Growth in child care: Government assistance and workforce participation
      • Measuring developmental outcomes: The Australian Early Development Census (AEDC)
      • Cost benefit of ECEC
      • International cost-benefit research
      • Australian cost-benefit research
    • 2 Methodology
      • Context
      • Scope
      • Conceptual approach and criteria for including studies
      • Key research questions
    • 3 Does the quality of ECEC affect developmental outcomes?
      • What is quality in ECEC?
      • Age-related benefits of ECEC
      • For children aged 0-3 years
        • Longitudinal research
      • Children 3 years and older
        • Longitudinal research
    • 4 Does the quantity of ECEC affect developmental outcomes?
      • For children aged 0-3 years
        • Duration: effect of age at entry to child care
        • Intensity of exposure: effect of number of hours per week of attendance at child care
      • For children 3 years and older
        • Is there an optimal number of hours of preschool?
    • 5 Which groups of children benefit most from exposure to ECEC?
      • Indigenous children
      • Socially disadvantaged children
      • Children from non-English speaking backgrounds
    • 6 Research opportunities
      • What we don't know: key areas for further research
    • 7 Conclusions
  • End matter
  • References

Recommended citation

AIHW 2015. Literature review of the impact of early childhood education and care on learning and development. Cat. no. CWS 53. Canberra: AIHW.

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