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released: 13 Apr 2017 author: AIHW media release

This report updates and extends estimates of the burden due to overweight and obesity reported in the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 to include burden in people aged under 25, revised diseases linked to overweight and obesity based on the latest evidence, and estimates by socioeconomic group. The report includes scenario modelling, undertaken to assess the potential impact on future health burden if overweight and obesity in the population continues to rise or is reduced. The enhanced analysis in the report shows that 7.0% of the total health burden in Australia in 2011 is due to overweight and obesity, and that this burden increased with increasing level of socioeconomic disadvantage.

ISSN 2204-4108 (PDF) 2006-4508 (Print); ISBN 978-1-76054-114-9; Cat. no. BOD 12; 64pp.; $11

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Table of contents

  • Impact of overweight and obesity as a risk factor for chronic conditions: Australian Burden of Disease Study
    • Preliminary pages
      • Title & verso title
      • Contents
      • Acknowledgments
      • Abbreviations
      • Symbols
      • Summary
        • Overall health impact of overweight and obesity
        • Overweight and obesity burden greatest in lowest socioeconomic group
        • Little change in rates of overweight and obesity burden between 2003 and 2011
        • Around 14% of disease burden due to overweight and obesity could be avoided if the population’s body mass dropped slightly
    • Body content
      • 1 Introduction
        • 1.1 Structure of this report
      • 2 Methods
        • 2.1 Selected linked diseases and relative risks
        • 2.2 Determining overweight and obesity prevalence
        • 2.3 Theoretical minimum risk exposure distribution
        • 2.4 Quantifying overweight and obesity burden
        • 2.5 Socioeconomic group analysis
        • 2.6 Comparison with attributable burden in 2003
        • 2.7 Scenario modelling
      • 3 Burden due to overweight and obesity
        • 3.1 Total overweight and obesity burden
        • 3.2 Which diseases account for the most burden due to overweight and obesity?
          • Attributable burden by sex
        • 3.3 Was it due to fatal or non-fatal burden?
        • 3.4 How does the overweight and obesity burden vary by age?
          • Children aged 5–14
          • Adolescents aged 15–24
          • Adults aged 25–44
          • Adults aged 45–64
          • Adults aged 65–84
          • Adults aged 85+
        • 3.5 What proportion of burden for each linked disease is due to overweight and obesity?
          • Detailed estimates for selected linked diseases
          • Cardiovascular disease
          • Cancer
          • Diabetes
          • Musculoskeletal conditions
          • Chronic kidney disease
          • Dementia
      • 4 Variation across socioeconomic groups
      • 5 Changes between 2011 and 2003
      • 6 Scenario modelling
        • 6.1 Overweight and obesity prevalence in 2020
        • 6.2 Overweight /obesity burden comparison in 2020
        • 6.3 Scenario differences by age
      • 7 Discussion
        • 7.1 Key findings
        • 7.2 Potential for disease burden prevention
        • 7.3 Strengths, limitations and future directions
          • Strengths
          • Limitations
          • Using BMI as a measure of body mass
          • Quantifying future disease burden due to childhood obesity and cohort effects
          • Overweight and obesity prevalence and ABDS 2011 data
          • Complexities with scenario modelling
          • Future directions
        • 7.4 Conclusion
    • End matter
      • Appendix A: Detailed methods
        • Select linked diseases
        • Linked diseases not included in analysis
        • Determine population exposure: prevalence of overweight and obesity
        • Define the theoretical minimum risk exposure distribution
        • Calculate the population attributable fractions
        • Quantify the disease burden
        • Socioeconomic group analysis
        • Scenario modelling
        • Overweight and obesity prevalence in 2020
        • Linked disease burden in 2020
      • Appendix B: Selection of relative risks
        • Cancers
        • Cardiovascular diseases
        • Diabetes
        • Chronic kidney disease
        • Musculoskeletal conditions
        • Gallbladder disease
        • Dementia
        • Asthma
      • Appendix C: Additional tables
      • Glossary
      • References
      • List of tables
      • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2017. Impact of overweight and obesity as a risk factor for chronic conditions. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 11. Cat. no. BOD 12. Canberra: AIHW.

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