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released: 1 Jul 1994 updated: 1 Jul 1994 author: Lester I

At 347 pages this report contains essential reading for nutritionists, dietitians, health educators and other teaching personnel, as well as professionals in the agriculture, food and health industries. Information presented includes the effects of the political, physical and social nature of Australia on nutrition; the structure of the food supply and how food is bought and sold; knowledge, beliefs and attitudes to food; what people do and don't eat, and possible reasons for their choices; what (besides nutrients) is in our food; nutritional status and its role in health and ill health; and how the food and nutrition system can be monitored. The text is backed by 33 charts, 76 tables and 13 special information boxes. A comprehensive index and glossary, and extensive reference lists, are also included.

ISBN 978 0 644 32478 6; Cat. no. ABS 8904.0; 347pp.; Internet Only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material (102K PDF)
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Introduction
  • Chapters
    1. The national context (179K PDF)
      1. The people and the land
      2. The policy environment
    2. The food supply (162K PDF)
      1. Primary production
      2. The food processing industry
      3. The available food supply
      4. Nutrient composition of the food supply
      5. 'Functional foods' and active non-nutrients
    3. The selling and buying of food (1-2: 58K PDF; 3-6: 112K PDF)
      1. The food retail market
      2. The price and cost of food
      3. Food acquisition and household expenditure
      4. Sources and extent of consumers' nutrition information
      5. Consumer attitudes and beliefs and their effect on behaviour
      6. Nutrition education
    4. Food and nutrient intakes (102K PDF)
      1. Australian dietary surveys
      2. Food intakes
      3. Food composition data for nutrient analysis
      4. Nutrient intakes
      5. Food safety and hygiene
    5. Nutritional status and health (1-3: 64K PDF; 4-6: 94K PDF)
      1. Growth and nutritional status
      2. Dietary inadequacies
      3. Which are the diet-related diseases?
      4. The role of diet in diet-related disease
      5. Morbidity and mortality associated with diet-related disease
      6. Quantifying the relationship between diet and disease
    6. Nutrition and health inequities (66K PDF)
      1. Social determinants of nutritional status
      2. Population subgroups with excess risk of poor nutrition
    7. Food and nutrition monitoring and surveillance (49K PDF)
      1. Overview: a practical strategy
      2. Characteristics of a national food and nutrition monitoring and surveillance strategy
      3. Goals and targets
      4. How existing national data collections can be used
      5. What else is needed?
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Selected readings on dietary intake data collection methodology (14K PDF)
      • Appendix B: Estimated available supply of nutrients for individual foods and groups 1990-91 (14K PDF)
      • Appendix C: Prevalence of breastfeeding in Australia 1950 to 1991-92 (174K PDF)
      • Appendix D: Recommendations of the workshop to revise nutrition goals and targets Melbourne, 29 Jan 1991 (54K PDF)
    • Indexes

Recommended citation

Lester I 1994. Australia's food and nutrition 1994. Cat. no. ABS 8904.0. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 27 May 2017 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442466635>.

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