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released: 16 Nov 1999 author: Mathers C, Vos T & Stevenson C media release

Provides a comprehensive assessment of the health status of Australians. The report measures mortality, disability, impairment, illness and injury arising from 176 diseases, injuries and risk factors using a common metric, the disability-adjusted life year or DALY, and methods developed by the Global Burden of Disease Study.

ISBN 978 1 74024 019 2; Cat. no. PHE 17; 273pp.; Internet Only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material (96K PDF)
    • Title page and verso
    • Foreword
    • Contents
    • List of tables and figures
    • Acknowledgements
    • Abbreviations
    • Highlights (separate 63K PDF)
  • Sections
    1. Introduction (119K PDF)
      1. Purpose and background
      2. Australian Burden of Disease and Injury Study
      3. Disability-adjusted life years
      4. Summary measures of health
      5. Comparing time lived in different health states
      6. Discounting
      7. Age weights
    2. Methodology (304K PDF)
      1. Overview
      2. Analysis categories
      3. Discounting and age weights
      4. Years of life lost due to mortality
      5. Disability weights
      6. Years lost due to disability
      7. Adjustments for comorbidity
      8. Socioeconomic inequalities
      9. Burden attributable to risk factors
      10. Uncertainty analyses
    3. Years of life lost due to mortality (109K PDF)
      1. Estimating deaths due to each cause
      2. Deaths in Australia 1996
      3. Mortality burden in Australia 1996
      4. Recent trends in mortality burden
      5. Socioeconomic disadvantage and mortality
    4. Years lost due to disability (129K PDF)
      1. Overview
      2. Data and methods
      3. Incidence, prevalence and duration of conditions
      4. Leading causes of the disability burden
      5. Disability burden-patterns by age and sex
      6. Prevalent burden of disability
      7. Attributable burden of selected impairments and disabilities
      8. Socio-economic disadvantage and disability
      9. Disability-adjusted life expectancy
    5. Burden of disease and injury (111K PDF)
      1. Overview
      2. Leading causes of disease burden
      3. Age and sex patterns of disease burden
      4. Attributable burden: diabetes, depression, osteoporosis, firearms and sporting injuries
      5. The undiscounted burden of disease and injury
      6. Socio-economic disadvantage and the burden of disease
    6. National Health Priority Areas (106K PDF)
      1. Cardiovascular disease
      2. Cancers
      3. Mental health
      4. Injury
      5. Diabetes
      6. Asthma
    7. Attributable burden for ten major risk factors (154K PDF)
      1. Overview
      2. Tobacco
      3. Alcohol
      4. Illicit drugs
      5. Obesity
      6. Hypertension
      7. High blood cholesterol
      8. Physical inactivity
      9. Unsafe sex
      10. Occupational exposures and risks
      11. Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption
    8. Discussion and conclusions (69K PDF)
      1. Key findings
      2. Precision of estimates
      3. Data gaps and deficiencies
      4. Methodological issues and developments
      5. Future directions
      6. Conclusions
  • End matter
    • References (73K PDF)
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Technical notes (91K PDF)
      • Appendix B: YLD worksheet example: senile dementia (65K PDF)
      • Appendix C: YLD worksheet example: stroke (66K PDF)
      • Annex tables (251K PDF)

Recommended citation

Mathers C, Vos T & Stevenson C 1999. The burden of disease and injury in Australia (1996). Cat. no. PHE 17. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 26 July 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467088>.