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released: 20 Dec 1999 author: Fortune N & Wen X media release

This report presents newly derived estimates of rates of hospitalisation associated with acquired brain injury, and the prevalence and demographic patterns of disability attributable to acquired brain injury in Australia. Definitions of acquired brain injury used in the disability and medical fields, and in legislative and administrative contexts are critically examined, and existing estimates of the incidence and prevalence of acquired brain injury, and of the proportion of incident cases that lead to long-term disability, are reviewed.

ISBN 978 1 74024 029 1; Cat. no. DIS 15; 141pp.; Internet Only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material (93KB PDF)
    • Title page and verso
    • Contents
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • Summary (28KB PDF)
    • Acknowledgements
    • Abbreviations
  • Chapters
    1. Introduction (44KB PDF)
      • ABI - an overview
      • ABI as a disability group
    2. Defining acquired brain injury (64KB PDF)
      • Definitions used in policy, legislative and administrative contexts
      • Definitions used in studies of ABI incidence
      • Definitions used in disability prevalence studies
      • Measures of severity and outcome
    3. Review of existing estimates (90KB PDF)
      • Incidence
      • Proportion of incident cases leading to long-term disability
      • Prevalence
      • Non-traumatic ABI
      • Summary of estimates reviewed
    4. AIHW estimates of ABI in Australia (137KB PDF)
      • Approaches to estimating ABI incidence and prevalence
      • Estimates from the National Hospitality Morbidity Database 1996 - 97
      • Prevalence estimates from the 1993 ABS disability survey
      • Discussion
      • Conclusion
  • End matter
    • Appendixes (43KB PDF)
      • Appendix 1: Table of terms
      • Appendix 2: Calculation of confidence intervals for estimates
      • Appendix 3: 1993 ABS disability survey questions on limitations, restrictions and need for assistance
      • Appendix 4: Additional data tables
    • References (24KB PDF)

Recommended citation

Fortune N & Wen X 1999. The definition, incidence and prevalence of acquired brain injury in Australia. Cat. no. DIS 15. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 23 December 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467114>.