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released: 2 May 2005 author: AIHW media release

'A picture of Australia's children' is the third national statistical report on the health, development and wellbeing of Australia's children aged 0-14 years. Childhood, particularly early childhood, has become a key priority for governments and non-government organisations across Australia. This is in response to emerging issues of concern for Australia's children in the context of rapid social change, as well as compelling evidence about the importance of the early years for laying the foundations for children's future competence and physical and mental wellbeing. This report has been broadened to bring together a wide variety of data, including information about individual, family and societal factors that influence the health, development and wellbeing of children. New topics include exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, homelessness, literacy and numeracy, children as victims of violence, neighbourhood safety, and parental health and disability.

ISBN 978 1 74024 465 7; Cat. no. PHE 58; 136pp.; $48

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Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material (260KB PDF)1
    • Title page and verso
    • Contents
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • Foreword
    • Acknowledgments
    • Executive summary
  • Sections
    • Part I : Background information (233KPDF)
      1. Introduction
      2. An overview of the Australian child population
    • Part II : Child health, development and wellbeing
      • How healthy are Australia's children? (358KPDF)
        1. Mortality
        2. Morbidity
        3. Disability
        4. Mental health
      • How well are we promoting healthy child development? (262KPDF)
        1. Childhood immunisation
        2. Breastfeeding
        3. Dental health
      • What factors can affect children adversely? (398KPDF)
        1. Low birth weight
        2. Smoking during pregnancy
        3. Environmental tobacco smoke in the home
        4. Overweight and obesity
        5. Tobacco use
        6. Alcohol misuse
      • How safe and secure are Australia's children? (376KPDF) Note1
        1. Injuries
        2. Child abuse and neglect
        3. Children as victims of violence
        4. Homelessness
      • How well are Australia's children learning and developing? (284KPDF) Note1
        1. Preschool education
        2. Literacy and numeracy
        3. Children and crime
    • Part III : The role of family and community
      • What kind of families and communities do Australia's children live in? (456KPDF) Note2
        1. Family structure
        2. Family functioning
        3. Economic security
        4. Children in out-of-home care
        5. Parents with disability or chronic illnesses
        6. Neighbourhood safety
        7. Social capital
    • Part IV : Future directions
      1. Monitoring the health, development and wellbeing of Australia's children-next steps (175KPDF)
  • End matter (245KPDF)
    • Data sources
    • Abbreviations
    • Glossary
    • References

Notes and corrections

The current version of the publication is presented above. Previous versions of files that have been updated or corrected are presented below.

  1. 20050518: Pages x, 58 and69 replaced.
  2. 20050624: Page 91 (CVII) replaced.

Recommended citation

AIHW 2005. A picture of Australia's children. Cat. no. PHE 58. Canberra: AIHW.

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