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released: 7 Apr 2006 author: Turrell G, Stanley L, de Looper M & Oldenburg B media release

The health of the Australian population improved markedly during the twentieth century. Despite these improvements, Australia at the beginning of the twenty-first century is characterised by significant health inequalities. 'Health inequalities in Australia: morbidity, health behaviours, risk factors and health service use' is a statistical reference that documents morbidity and morbidity-related inequalities by area-level socioeconomic disadvantage, equivalised household income, education and occupation among infants and children, young adults, working-aged adults and older persons for the periods 1989-90, 1995 and 2001. This report is the second in a series that focuses on different aspects of health inequalities in Australia. Other reports in the series examine health inequalities in mortality, and the measurement of socioeconomic position in population health.

ISSN 1832-0031; ISBN 978 1 74024 552 4; Cat. no. PHE 72; 176pp.; Internet Only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material (222K PDF)
    • Title page and verso
    • Contents
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary of findings
      • Health inequalities by area-level socioeconomic disadvantage
      • Health inequalities by equivalised income
      • Health inequalities by education level
      • Health inequalities by occupation
  • Sections
    1. Introduction (347K PDF)
      • Background
      • Purpose
      • Indigenous health and inequality
    2. Data issues and methods
      • Data sources
      • Socioeconomic indicators
      • Health-related indicators
      • Statistical analyses
    3. Health inequalities by area-level socioeconomic disadvantage
      • Persons aged 0-14 years
      • Persons aged 15-24 years
      • Persons aged 25-64 years
      • Persons aged 65 years and over
      • Summary and discussion
    4. Health inequalities by equivalised income (197K PDF)
      • Persons aged 0-14 years
      • Persons aged 15-24 years
      • Persons aged 25-64 years
      • Persons aged 65 years and over
      • Summary and discussion
    5. Health inequalities by education (200K PDF)
      • Persons aged 25-64 years
      • Persons aged 65 years and over
      • Summary and discussion
    6. Health inequalities by occupation (197K PDF)
      • Persons aged 25-64 years
      • Summary and discussion
    7. Discussion and conclusions
      • Summary of health inequalities in Australia
      • Explaining and reducing health inequalities in Australia
      • Implications of this report's findings for the future monitoring of health inequalities
  • End matter
    • Glossary (176K PDF)
    • References
    • Appendix A
      • Question descriptions in the 1989-90, 1995 and 2001 National Health Surveys for the morbidity and related outcomes included in this report
    • Appendix B
      • Comparability status of the morbidity and related outcomes included in this report, as assessed by the ABS for the 1989-90, 1995 and 2001 National Health Surveys
    • Appendix C
      • Long-term condition codes
    • References

Recommended citation

Turrell G, Stanley L, de Looper M & Oldenburg B 2006. Health inequalities in Australia: morbidity, health behaviours, risk factors and health service use. Cat. no. PHE 72. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 25 April 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467837>.