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released: 27 Jan 2009 author: AIHW

In late 2007 the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare established the National Centre for Monitoring Chronic Kidney Disease. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common chronic disease in Australia. The disease is highly preventable and progression can be slowed by controlling common risk factors and by improving disease treatment and management. The burden of CKD in Australia is expected to rise. Work in this area is critical for improving capacity to assess the health impact of CKD, evaluate progress in disease prevention and management, and therefore provide evidence for developing policy to reduce the associated burden and outcomes for people at risk of or living with CKD. There is considerable potential for health, social and economic gains through CKD monitoring. This report is intended to be a brief outline of the rationale for and role of the National Centre for Monitoring Chronic Kidney Disease. It outlines the rationale behind starting a national monitoring centre, the structure of the centre, key areas of monitoring and major data sources to be used for monitoring.

ISBN 978 1 74024 871 6; Cat. no. PHE 108; 32pp.; $23.00

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Summary

This report describes the rationale behind establishing the National Centre for Monitoring Chronic Kidney Disease (the National Centre), provides a framework for monitoring chronic kidney disease (CKD) and defines the scope of the National Centre.

Chronic kidney disease has been a public health issue for many years. One of the major risk factors for the disease, diabetes, is increasing in the population and this has led to a recent increase in the most severe form of CKD, end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). However there are many gaps in the information available on CKD in Australia, particularly in relation to the earlier stages of the disease. These gaps need to be properly identified and filled.

The overall objective of the National Centre is to support national surveillance and monitoring of chronic kidney disease in Australia. The National Centre will monitor and report on disease levels, burdens and trends associated with chronic kidney disease in all Australians and in specific populations. By reporting patterns and trends of chronic kidney disease the National Centre will complement other initiatives in monitoring the closely linked chronic diseases of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

The National Centre aims to identify gaps, consolidate previously separate information and undertake or coordinate efforts for new data analysis.

These activities will facilitate information sharing between key stakeholders such as experts, advocacy groups and policy makers, and promote community discussion with the ultimate aim of informing efforts to help reduce the health, social and economic burden of CKD to individuals and society.

Recommended citation

AIHW 2009. Outline of the National Centre for Monitoring Chronic Kidney Disease. Cat. no. PHE 108. Canberra: AIHW.